Comparison of sample digestion techniques for the determination of trace and residual catalyst metal content in single-wall carbon nanotubes by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.sab.2014.09.009
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TypeArticle
Journal titleSpectrochimica Acta - Part B Atomic Spectroscopy
ISSN0584-8547
Volume105
Issue1 March 2015
Pages8994; # of pages: 6
SubjectActivation analysis; Carbides; Carbon nanotubes; Catalysts; Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry; Isotopes; Laser ablation; Lead; Mass spectrometers; Mass spectrometry; Mercury (metal); Molybdenum; Neutron activation analysis; Nickel; Trace analysis; Trace elements; ICP-MS; Metal content determination; Microwave-assisted acid digestion; Microwave-induced combustion; Ni and co catalysts; SWCNT; Trace metal impurities; Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCN)
AbstractA single-wall carbon nanotube material produced by laser ablation of renewable biochar in the presence of Ni and Co catalyst was characterized for residual catalyst (Co and Ni) as well as trace metal impurity content (Fe, Mo, Cr, Pb and Hg) by isotope dilution ICP-MS following sample digestion. Several matrix destruction procedures were evaluated, including a multi-step microwave-assisted acid digestion, dry ashing at 450 C and microwave-induced combustion with oxygen. Results were benchmarked against those derived from neutron activation analysis and also supported by solid sampling continuum source GF-AAS for several of the elements. Although laborious to execute, the multi-step microwave-assisted acid digestion proved to be most reliable for recovery of the majority of the analytes, although content of Cr remained biased low for each approach, likely due to its presence as refractory carbide.
Publication date
PublisherElsevier
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationMeasurement Science and Standards; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21275746
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Record identifierce3a46cd-6285-45d6-bb07-a1cff8b7e97a
Record created2015-07-14
Record modified2016-05-09
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