Effect of joint contamination on the quality of butt-fused HDPE pipe joints

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1139/l02-078
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TypeArticle
Journal titleCanadian Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume29
IssueOct 5
Pages787798; # of pages: 12
Subjectbutt fusion, contamination, experimental testing, failure criterion, joint, polyethylene pipe; Plastic pipe
AbstractButt fusion is an effective method for joining high density polyethylene (HDPE) pipe on job sites. However, there is lack of no quantitative methods to evaluate pipe joint quality. The objective of this study was to develop such a quantitative approach in order to determine the effect of joint contamination on the quality of the fused joints. The study included testing a total of 21 butt-fused HDPE pipe joints that were made under different dust conditions. The results of the tests were then used to determine the effect of dust contamination on the quality of the fused joints. Microscopic examination of the fracture surfaces of the test specimens showed that not all the contaminants at the welding interface were squeezed out into the beads formed during the fusion process. Four failure modes were identified and a failure criterion was established to categorize the quality of a fused joint into four grades ? bad, poor, good and excellent. Among the properties of the materials considered, tensile energy to break (TEB) and maximum strain were found to be the most acceptable parameters for distinguishing between different quality of joints. Furthermore, the results showed that under optimum joining conditions, the quality of butt-fused joints can be as good as that of the parent pipe.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number45337
14306
NPARC number20386397
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Record identifiercf7ea536-f310-43a3-88ee-2bbc8ce8c898
Record created2012-07-25
Record modified2016-05-09
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