The JCMT Legacy Survey of the Gould Belt: Mapping 13CO and C 18O in Orion A

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.20628.x
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TypeArticle
Journal titleMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
ISSN0035-8711
Volume422
Issue1
Pages521541; # of pages: 21
AbstractThe Gould Belt Legacy Survey will map star-forming regions within 500pc, using Heterodyne Array Receiver Programme (HARP), Submillimetre Common-User Bolometer Array 2 (SCUBA-2) and Polarimeter 2 (POL-2) on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT). This paper describes HARP observations of the J= 3 → 2 transitions of 13CO and C 18O towards Orion A. The 15arcsec resolution observations cover 5pc of the Orion filament, including OMC 1 (including BN-KL and Orion bar), OMC 2/3 and OMC 4, and allow a comparative study of the molecular gas properties throughout the star-forming cloud. The filament shows a velocity gradient of ∼1kms -1pc -1 between OMC 1, 2 and 3, and high-velocity emission is detected in both isotopologues. The Orion Nebula and Bar have the largest masses and linewidths, and dominate the mass and energetics of the high-velocity material. Compact, spatially resolved emission from CH 3CN, 13CH 3OH, SO, HCOOCH 3, CH 3CHO and CH 3OCHO is detected towards the Orion Hot Core. The cloud is warm, with a median excitation temperature of ∼24K; the Orion Bar has the highest excitation temperature gas, at >80K. The C 18O excitation temperature correlates well with the dust temperature (to within 40 per cent). The C 18O emission is optically thin, and the 13CO emission is marginally optically thick; despite its high mass, OMC 1 shows the lowest opacities. A virial analysis indicates that Orion A is too massive for thermal or turbulent support, but is consistent with a model of a filamentary cloud that is threaded by helical magnetic fields. The variation of physical conditions across the cloud is reflected in the physical characteristics of the dust cores. We find similar core properties between starless and protostellar cores, but variations in core properties with position in the filament. The OMC 1 cores have the highest velocity dispersions and masses, followed by OMC 2/3 and OMC 4. The differing fragmentation of these cores may explain why OMC 1 has formed clusters of high-mass stars, whereas OMC 4 produces fewer, predominantly low-mass stars. © 2012 The Authors Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2012 RAS.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); NRC Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics (HIA-IHA)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21269352
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Record identifiercfa228b9-5e6d-47ad-a96c-89bd559b4fed
Record created2013-12-12
Record modified2016-05-09
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