Real-Time Kinetic Studies on the Interaction of Transforming Growth Factor [alpha] with the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Extracellular Domain Reveal a Conformational Change Model†

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/bi992987r
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TypeArticle
Journal titleBiochemistry
Volume39
Issue31
Pages94669476; # of pages: 11
AbstractTransforming growth factor α (TGF-α), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and related factors mediate their biological effects by binding to the extracellular domain of the EGF receptor, which leads to activation of the receptor's cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase activity. Much remains to be determined, however, about the detailed molecular mechanism involved in this ligand-induced receptor activation. The determination of the binding mechanism and the related thermodynamic and kinetic parameters are of prime importance. To do so, we have used a surface plasmon resonance-based biosensor (the BIAcore) that allows the real-time recording of the interaction between TGF-α and the extracellular domain of the EGF receptor. By immobilizing different biotinylated derivatives of TGF-α on the sensor chip surface, we demonstrated that the N-terminus of TGF-α is not directly involved in receptor binding. By optimizing experimental conditions and interpreting the biosensor results by several data analysis methods, we were able to show that the data do not fit a simple binding model. Through global analysis of the data using a numerical integration method, we tested several binding mechanisms for the TGF-α/EGF receptor interaction and found that a conformational change model best fits the biosensor data. Our results, combined with other analyses, strongly support a receptor activation mechanism in which ligand binding results in a conformation-driven exposure of a dimerization site on the receptor.
Publication date
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Biotechnology Research Institute
Peer reviewedNo
NPARC number12327599
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Record identifierd1d3031a-600c-4e20-b7cc-4c3cf76c3905
Record created2009-09-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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