Microwave-assisted nonspecific proteolytic digestion and controlled methylation for glycomics applications: Carbohydr.Res.

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Journal titleCarbohydr.Res.
SubjectACID; ACID RESIDUES; Acids; amino acid; Amino Acids; AMINO-ACID; analysis; Canada; DEPENDENCE; Digestion; Esi Ms; Form; FORMS; GLYCANS; glycopeptide; Glycopeptides; glycoprotein; Glycoproteins; Glycosylation; mass spectrometry; MASS-SPECTROMETRY; METHYL; Methylation; Multiple; peptide; Peptides; Pronase; RESIDUES; SIGNALS; SITE; SITES; structure; technique; Temperature
AbstractNonspecific proteolytic digestion of glycoproteins is an established technique in glycomics and glycoproteomics. In the presence of pronase E, for example, glycoproteins are digested to small glycopeptides having one to six amino acids residues, which can be analyzed with excellent sensitivity using mass spectrometry. Unfortunately, the long digestion times (1-3 days) limit the analytical throughput. In this study, we used controlled microwave irradiation to accelerate the proteolytic cleavage of glycoproteins mediated by pronase E. We used ESI-MS and MALDI-MS analyses to evaluate the microwave-assisted enzymatic digestions at various digestion durations, temperatures, and enzyme-to-protein ratios. When digesting glycoproteins, pronase E produced glycopeptides within 5min under microwave irradiation; glycopeptides having one or two amino acids were the major products. Although analysis of peptides containing multiple amino acid residues offers the opportunity for peptide sequencing and provides information regarding the sites of glycosylation, the signals of Asn-linked glycans were often suppressed by the glycopeptides containing basic amino acids (Lys or Arg) in MALDI-MS experiments. To minimize this signal-to-content dependence, we converted the glycopeptides into their sodiated forms and then methylated them using methyl iodide. This controlled methylation procedure resulted in quaternization of the amino group of the N-terminal amino acid residue. Using this approach, the mass spectrometric response of glyco-Asn was enhanced, compensating for the poorer ionization efficiency associated with the basic amino acids residues. The methylated products of glycopeptides containing two or more amino acid residues were more stable than those containing only a single Asn residue. This feature can be used to elucidate glycan structures and glycosylation sites without the need for MS/MS analysis
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AffiliationNRC Institute for Biological Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC numberLIU2008
NPARC number9360795
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Record identifierd388f418-55b7-4a54-93a0-98325e5c6f55
Record created2009-07-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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