Characterization of the stucture and biological functions of a capsular polysaccharide produced by Staphylococcus sapropjuticus

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1128/JB.00104-10
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Bacteriology
Volume192
Issue18
Pages46184626; # of pages: 9
AbstractStaphylococcus saprophyticus is a common cause of uncomplicated urinary tract infections in women. S. saprophyticus strain ATCC 15305 carries two staphylococcal cassette chromosome genetic elements, SCC15305RM and SCC15305cap. The SCC15305cap element carries 13 open reading frames (ORFs) involved in capsular polysaccharide (CP) biosynthesis, and its G C content (26.7%) is lower than the average G C content (33.2%) for the whole genome. S. saprophyticus strain ATCC 15305 capD, capL, and capK (capDSsp, capLSsp, and capKSsp) are homologous to genes encoding UDP-FucNAc biosynthesis, and gtaB and capISsp show homology to genes involved in UDP-glucuronic acid synthesis. S. saprophyticus ATCC 15305 CP, visualized by immunoelectron microscopy, was extracted and purified using anionic-exchange and size exclusion chromatography. Analysis of the purified CP by 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and gas-liquid chromatography revealed two types of branched tetrasaccharide repeating units composed of the following: -4)-β-Glc-(1-3)-Sug-(1-4)-β-GlcA-(1- β-GlcNAc-(1-2) Sug represents two stereoisomers of 2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxy-hexos-4-ulose residues, one of which has an arabino configuration. The encapsulated ATCC 15305 strain was resistant to complement-mediated opsonophagocytic killing by human neutrophils, whereas the acapsular mutant C1 was susceptible. None of 14 clinical isolates reacted with antibodies to the ATCC 15305 CP. However, 11 of the 14 S. saprophyticus isolates were phenotypically encapsulated based on their resistance to complement-mediated opsonophagocytic killing and their failure to hemagglutinate when cultivated aerobically. Ten of the 14 clinical strains carried homologues of the conserved staphylococcal capD gene or the S. saprophyticus gtaB gene, or both. Our results suggest that some strains of S. saprophyticus are encapsulated and that more than one capsular serotype exists.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Biological Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number17652999
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Record identifierd3b67158-bc73-49de-b03e-764d72e86807
Record created2011-04-01
Record modified2016-05-09
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