Synthesis of conductive rutile-phased Nb0.06Ti0.94O2 and its supported Pt electrocatalysts (Pt/Nb0.06Ti0.94O2) for the oxygen reduction reaction

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1039/c1dt11711d
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TypeArticle
Journal titleDalton Transactions
ISSN1477-9226
1477-9234
Volume41
Issue4
Pages11871194; # of pages: 8
AbstractIn this paper, Nb-doped TiO2 with anatase and rutile phases was synthesized by the acid-catalyzed sol–gel method, and used as catalyst supports for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) were used to characterize the support materials in terms of material structures, morphology, composition, and surface area. XRD analysis showed that both the high concentration of hydrochloric acid present in the synthesis and the presence of Pt in the support could favor the formation of conductive rutile phased TiO2, resulting in the improvement of electronic conduction of the Nb-doped TiO2 support, which was confirmed by measured conductivities. For electrochemical characterization and ORR catalyst activity validation, Pt particles were deposited on the supports synthesized in this paper to form several catalysts, which were tested for electrochemical Pt surface area, ORR mass activity and specific activity. A monotonic increase in Pt ORR mass activity with increasing catalyst support’s conductivity suggested that the support conductivity plays an important role in enhancing catalyst mass activity. The results showed that these non-carbon supported catalysts are promising as PEM fuel cell cathode catalysts.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21268928
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Record identifierd3fb8cb0-8f6a-4186-9127-d87fc78d17c7
Record created2013-11-26
Record modified2016-05-09
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