Growth kinetics and electronic properties of unintentionally doped semi-insulating GaN on SiC and high-resistivity GaN on sapphire grown by ammonia molecular-beam epitaxy

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1063/1.3415527
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS
Volume107
Issue103701
Pages111; # of pages: 11
AbstractGrowth of unintentionally doped (UID) semi-insulating GaN on SiC and highly resistive GaN on sapphire using the ammonia molecular-beam epitaxy technique is reported. The semi-insulating UID GaN on SiC shows room temperature (RT) resistivity of 10(11) W cm and well defined activation energy of 1.0 eV. The balance of compensation of unintentional donors and acceptors is such that the Fermi level is lowered to midgap, and controlled by a 1.0 eV deep level defect, which is thought to be related to the nitrogen antisite N(Ga), similar to the “EL2” center (arsenic antisite) in unintentionally doped semi-insulating GaAs. The highly resistive GaN on sapphire shows RT resistivity in range of 10(6)–10(9) W cm and activation energy varying from 0.25 to 0.9 eV. In this case, the compensation of shallow donors is incomplete, and the Fermi level is controlled by levels shallower than the 1.0 eV deep centers. The growth mechanisms for the resistive UID GaN materials were investigated by experimental studies of the surface kinetics during growth. The required growth regime involves a moderate growth temperature range of 740–780 °C, and a high ammonia flux (beam equivalent pressure of 1x10−4 Torr), which ensures supersaturated coverage of surface adsorption sites with NHx radicals. Such highly nitrogen rich growth conditions lead to two-dimensional layer by layer growth and reduced oxygen incorporation.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Microstructural Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number17400970
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Record identifierd604c531-9506-4a68-8087-18334b29b9e7
Record created2011-03-26
Record modified2016-05-09
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