A Comparison of the 1993 and 2001 evacuation of the World Trade Center

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ConferenceProceedings of the 2002 Fire Risk & Hazard Assessment Research Application Symposium, Fire Protection Research Foundation, Quincy, MA: 24 July 2002, Baltimore, MD
Pages111117; # of pages: 7
Subjectevacuation, disaster, World Trade Center; World Trade Centre
AbstractAfter the World Trade Center in New York City was bombed in 1993, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and the National Research Council of Canada (NRCC) undertook a study of the evacuation of the towers. This study involved a survey of the participants in the fire safety plan for the towers, including particularly the floor fire wardens. Surveys were sent to a total of 1,598 employees, with over 400 responding. These surveys were the basis of several papers published on the actions and reactions of the occupants of the towers during that evacuation. Immediately after the attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, the authors began compiling first-person accounts from the media describing the evacuation of the two towers that day. Although media accounts are not necessarily reliable accounts of events, and certainly do not provide the scientific rigor of a proper study, they do provide important insights into the events of the day. Of particular interest was the role that improvements made after the bombing in 1993 may have had in the evacuation in 2001.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number46005
NPARC number20378605
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Record identifierd7ebaf30-a9ce-475f-bcf1-4c6161559732
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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