Innovation approaches to enhance the fire resistance of cellulosic fiber/epoxy composites

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TypeArticle
Proceedings title26th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2011 and the 2nd Joint US-Canada Conference on Composites
Conference26th Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2011 and the 2nd Joint US-Canada Conference on Composites, 26 September 2011 through 28 September 2011, Montreal, QC
ISBN9781618391964
Volume3
Pages24852491; # of pages: 7
SubjectBio-degradable; Cellulose fiber; Cellulosic fibers; Construction sectors; Environmentally-friendly; High energy; Innovation approach; Layered Structures; Low costs; Mechanical performance; New applications; Petroleum based products; Reinforcement materials; Thermoplastic composite; Construction industry; Fire resistance; Thermosets; Fibers
AbstractWith considerable awareness to preserve environment, sincere efforts across the globe look for renewable and bio-degradable sources of material available on the earth. The ultimate aim is to replace petroleum based products or high energy demanding process and this has pushed the researchers to investigate the potential of natural fibers like flax as reinforcement material for composites. However, the uses of cellulosic composites are limited in applications requiring fire resistance due to their flammability and their low thermal resistance. This present research investigated environmentally friendly approaches for improving fire resistance of cellulosic fiber composites, by coating cellulose fibers with layered structure nanoparticles which are low cost and non-toxic or using layered structure based nanocomposites as a matrix. The epoxy cellulosic fiber composites obtained have significant improvement in terms of flammability and have no negative impact on the mechanical performance. The approaches will open new applications for the cellulosic fiber in not only thermoset but also thermoplastic composites where fire resistance is an important issue, particularly in transportation, aerospace and construction sectors.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); NRC Industrial Materials Institute (IMI-IMI)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21271528
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Record identifierd8d26ba6-b231-452c-9066-de06aa4c8bfc
Record created2014-03-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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