Creep of columnar-grained ice at low stress

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Journal titleAnnals of Glaciology
Pages7378; # of pages: 6
Subjectcreep; compressive stresses; ice; strain; dislocation processes; strain rate; activation energy; temperature dependence
AbstractAn investigation was undertaken of the creep of columnar- grained ice under constant compressive stresses of 98 and 59 kPa in order to extend the observed relationship between strain-rate and stress further into the low-stress region. Stress was applied perpendicular to the long direction of the grains. Observations were made for temperatures between -5 and -40 degrees C. The steady-state creep rate for secondary creep was not yet attained for strain of 1.4% and stress of 98 kPa. An initial yield was observed at that stress in the strain range of 0.2 to 0.3%, similar to that seen at higher stress. The observations showed that the strain-rate tended to a linear dependence on stress below 49 kPa and that more than one dislocation process with different values for the stress exponent may contribute to the strain at higher stresses. An activation energy of 63 kJ mol[-1] was consistent with the observed temperature dependence of the strain-rate. Straining ice to a given strain under a stress of about 0.3 MPa and then reducing the load may be a convenient way to study the stress, strain and temperature dependence of the strain-rate at low stress.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number22574
NPARC number20378593
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Record identifierd8d9d0de-05ee-40d4-8211-9efee01adeab
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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