Buckling behavior of variable-stiffness composite laminates manufactured by the tow-drop method

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2015.12.025
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TypeArticle
Journal titleComposite Structures
ISSN0263-8223
Volume139
Pages243253; # of pages: 11
SubjectDrops; Laminated composites; Stiffness; Strain; Compression buckling; Compression loading; Fiber placement; Gaps/overlaps; Geometric curvature; Out-of-plane deflection; Structural performance; Variable stiffness; Buckling
AbstractThe current investigation deals with the buckling behavior of variable-stiffness composite panels manufactured by the automated fiber placement (AFP) process. In order to minimize the occurrence of AFP-inherent defects as gaps and overlaps, the so-called tow-drop method was adopted. Compression-buckling tests were performed on large panels containing gaps or overlaps under simply-supported boundary conditions. The specific responses of the out-of-plane deflections, which were tracked by four laser sensors focused on the axial centerline of the panels during compression loading, were explained by the measured initial geometric curvatures, which were characteristic of variable-stiffness panels. The tracking of the in-plane strains using sixteen strain gauges located strategically on the panels confirmed that the presence of gaps and overlaps does not affect the symmetry of variable-stiffness panels. Finally, it was established that the tow-drop method significantly improved the structural performance in terms of the pre-buckling stiffness, buckling load, and the failure load while keeping minimal geometric disturbances.
Publication date
PublisherElsevier
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Aerospace
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21277438
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Record identifierd9180ed2-4910-4ffa-9087-234793ea5338
Record created2016-03-09
Record modified2016-05-09
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