Durability of PEM fuel cell cathode in the presence of Fe3+ and Al3+

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.07.003
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Power Sources
Volume195
IssueDecember 24
Pages80898093; # of pages: 5
SubjectPEM fuel cells; Air impurity; Metal ion contamination; Electrode kinetics; Membrane resistance
AbstractThe contamination effects of Fe³⁺ and Al³⁺ on the performance of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells were investigated by continuously injecting Fe³⁺ or Al³⁺ salt solution into the air stream of an operating fuel cell. Both metal ions individually caused significant cell performance degradation at a level of only 5ppmmol in air. In addition, elevated temperature accelerated fuel cell performance degradation in the presence of Fe³⁺. Moreover, the presence of Fe³⁺ in an operating fuel cell resulted in the cell’s sudden death, due to the formation of membrane pinholes that may have been promoted by the enhanced production of peroxy radicals catalyzed by Fe species. Half-cell tests in liquid electrolyte revealed that the presence of Al³⁺ in the electrolyte changed the kinetics and mechanisms of the oxygen reduction reaction by reducing the kinetic current densities and the electron transfer number.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number16942912
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Record identifierdc9f5fbf-a6bf-4b55-a28b-e0de345043b4
Record created2011-03-02
Record modified2016-05-09
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