Comparative structural and electrochemical study of high density spherical and non-spherical Ni(OH)2 as cathode materials for Ni–metal hydride batteries

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.05.013
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Power Sources
Volume196
Pages77977805; # of pages: 9
Subjectnickel hydroxide; high-density; nickel–metal hydride batteries; high-rate discharge; cathode materials
AbstractIn this paper we compare the behavior of non-spherical and spherical Beta-Ni(OH)2 as cathode materials for Ni–MH batteries in an attempt to explore the effect of microstructure and surface properties of Beta-Ni(OH)2 on their electrochemical performances. Non-spherical Beta-Ni(OH)2 powders with a high-density are synthesized using a simple polyacrylamide (PAM) assisted two-step drying method. X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric/differential thermal analysis (TG–DTA), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) testing, laser particle size analysis, and tap-density testing are used to characterize the physical properties of the synthesized products. Electrochemical characterization, including cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and a charge/discharge test, is also performed. The results show that the non-spherical Beta-Ni(OH)2 materials exhibit an irregular tabular shape and a dense solid structure, which contains many overlapped sheet nano crystalline grains, and have a high density of structural disorder and a large specific surface area. Compared with the spherical Beta-Ni(OH)2, the non-spherical Beta-Ni(OH)2 materials have an enhanced discharge capacity, higher discharge potential plateau and superior cycle stability. This performance improvement can be attributable to a higher proton diffusion coefficient (4.26×10−9 cm2 s−1), better reaction reversibility, and lower electrochemical impedance of the synthesized material.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number19542558
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Record identifierdcf463f0-2b8a-4995-983f-cbfea1ed3ea4
Record created2012-02-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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