Brassica carinata-A New Molecular Farming Platform for Delivering Bio-industrial Oil Feedstocks: Case studies of Genetic Modifications to Improve Seed Very Long-Chain Fatty Acid and Oil Content in Seeds

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1002/bbb.231
AuthorSearch for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for:
TypeArticle
Journal titleBiofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining
Volume4
Issue5
Pages538561; # of pages: 24
SubjectBrassica carinata; genetics; breeding; genetic modification; industrial and nutraceutical/pharmaceutical oils and applications
AbstractCrop development and species diversity are important aspects of the emerging global bioeconomy, as is maximizing crop value through total crop utilization. We advocate development of Brassica carinata as a biorefinery and bioindustrial oils platform using traditional and molecular breeding techniques and tools. We review genetic studies and breeding efforts to develop elite B. carinata germplasm, work involving development of transformation and regeneration protocols, target gene isolation, and transgene expression. Genetic modification strategies using a B. carinata breeding line as a delivery platform for very long-chain fatty acid-enhanced/modified oils are presented as case studies. The target oil products are erucic acid (22:1 Δ13), docosadienoic acid (22:2 Δ5, Δ13) and nervonic acid (24:1 Δ15); in addition transgenic efforts to enhance B. carinata seed oil content are discussed. The overall advantages and current limitations to utilizing this crop are delineated. Other anticipated biobased products from a B. carinata platform may include, but are not limited to, the production of biolubricants, biofuels and biopolymers from the oil, biopesticides, antioxidants, as well as plant gums, and vegetable protein-based bioplastics and novel food and feed products. In summation, this collaborative B. carinata breeding/germplasm development/value-added molecular modification effort will not only contribute to the development of renewable feedstocks for the emerging Canadian bioeconomy (biorefinery/bioproducts), but also promises to generate positive economic and environmental benefits.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Plant Biotechnology Institute
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number50162
NPARC number17829618
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Record identifierdd231fa9-b609-4b55-a3d0-8997439e0a31
Record created2011-04-30
Record modified2016-05-09
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