Development and simulation of sulfur-doped graphene supported platinum with exemplary stability and activity towards oxygen reduction

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201400161
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TypeArticle
Journal titleAdvanced Functional Materials
ISSN1616-301X
Volume24
Issue27
Pages43254336; # of pages: 12
Subjectgraphene; catalyst; electrochemistry; fuel cell; oxygen reduction
AbstractSulfur-doped graphene (SG) is prepared by a thermal shock/quench anneal process and investigated as a unique Pt nanoparticle support (Pt/SG) for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Particularly, SG is found to induce highly favorable catalyst-support interactions, resulting in excellent half-cell based ORR activity of 139 mA mgPt -1 at 0.9 V vs RHE, significant improvements over commercial Pt/C (121 mA mgPt -1) and Pt-graphene (Pt/G, 101 mA mgPt -1). Pt/SG also demonstrates unprecedented stability, maintaining 87% of its electrochemically active surface area following accelerated degradation testing. Furthermore, a majority of ORR activity is maintained, providing 108 mA mg Pt -1, a remarkable 171% improvement over Pt/C (39.8 mA mgPt -1) and an 89% improvement over Pt/G (57.0 mA mg Pt -1). Computational simulations highlight that the interactions between Pt and graphene are enhanced significantly by sulfur doping, leading to a tethering effect that can explain the outstanding electrochemical stability. Furthermore, sulfur dopants result in a downshift of the platinum d-band center, explaining the excellent ORR activity and rendering SG as a new and highly promising class of catalyst supports for electrochemical energy technologies such as fuel cells.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationEnergy, Mining and Environment; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21272707
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Record identifierdd561d5e-2b5c-45df-b800-41932f894403
Record created2014-12-03
Record modified2016-05-09
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