Effect of operating parameters and anode diffusion layer on the direct ethanol fuel cell performance

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.080
AuthorSearch for: ; Search for: ; Search for:
TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Power Sources
Volume196
Issue24
Pages1062510631; # of pages: 7
SubjectDirect ethanol fuel cells; Direct alcohol fuel cells; Ethanol oxidation; Fuel cell operating parameters; Cell performance
AbstractA parametric study was conducted on the performance of direct ethanol fuel cells. The membrane electrode assemblies employed were composed of a Nafion® 117 membrane, a Pt/C cathode and a PtRu/C anode. The effect of cathode backpressure, cell temperature, ethanol solution flow rate, ethanol concentration, and oxygen flow rate were evaluated by measuring the cell voltage as a function of current density for each set of conditions. The effect of the anode diffusion media was also studied. It was found that the cell performance was enhanced by increasing the cell temperature and the cathode backpressure. On the contrary, the cell performance was virtually independent of oxygen and fuel solution flow rates. Performance variations were encountered only at very low flow rates. The effect of the ethanol concentration on the performance was as expected, mass transport loses observed at low concentrations and kinetic loses at high ethanol concentration due to fuel crossover. The open circuit voltage appeared to be independent of most operating parameters and was only significantly affected by the ethanol concentration. It was also established that the anode diffusion media had an important effect on the cell performance.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number19518265
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Record identifierdd887654-93a4-4035-9bb7-14569acec6ac
Record created2012-02-21
Record modified2016-05-09
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