A New method for estimating the effects of thermal radiation from fires on building occupants

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ConferenceHTD-Vol. 366-5, Proceedings of the ASME Heat Transfer Division: 05 November 2000, Orlando, Florida
Pages6572; # of pages: 8
AbstractA new model for estimating the effects of high thermal radiation heat fluxes on occupants has been developed. This model allows the user to specify the type of clothing worn by typical occupants (e.g., street clothing or protective clothing), percentage of body covered by clothing, and occupant characteristics (e.g., age). Numerical models of heat transfer in fabrics and skin are used to estimate the times required to produce burn damage to bare and clothed skin. These skin burn estimates are used along with occupant characteristics to estimate the time-dependent probability of death from a fire. This paper reviews existing models for estimating the effects of high heat fluxes on occupants, describes the heat transfer models used to make skin burn estimates, and compares the results of the new model with those from existing models.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number43937
NPARC number20331325
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Record identifierde8afe4a-d14b-4f5a-9000-2ae8cebf9a62
Record created2012-07-18
Record modified2016-05-09
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