A review of radiation-grafted polymer electrolyte membranes for alkaline polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.06.026
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Power Sources
ISSN0378-7753
Volume293
Pages946975; # of pages: 30
SubjectAlkaline fuel cells; Convergence of numerical methods; Copolymers; Electrolytes; Fuel cells; Gas fuel purification; Grafting (chemical); Ion exchange membranes; Membranes; Polyelectrolytes; Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC); Radiation; Alkaline anion exchange membrane; Hydroxide conductivities; Membrane electrode assemblies; PEM fuel cell; Radiation grafting; Solid electrolytes
AbstractThe past two decades have witnessed many efforts to develop radiation-grafted alkaline membranes for alkaline PEM fuel cell applications, as such membranes have certain advantages over other kinds of alkaline membranes, including well-controlled composition, functionality, and other promising properties. To facilitate research and development in this area, the present paper reviews radiation-grafted alkaline membranes. We examine their synthesis/fabrication/characterization, membrane material selection, and theoretical approaches for fundamental understanding. We also present detailed examinations of their application in fuel cell in terms of the working principles of the radiation grafting process, the fabrication of MEAs using radiation-grafted membranes, the membranes' corresponding performance in alkaline PEM fuel cells, as well as performance optimization. The paper also summarizes the challenges and mitigation strategies for radiation-grafted alkaline membranes and their application in PEM fuel cells, presenting an overall picture of the technology as it presently stands.
Publication date
PublisherElsevier
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Energy, Mining and Environment
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21275652
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Record identifiere00a33e4-4c6f-4e39-8701-40d89c9567b6
Record created2015-07-14
Record modified2016-05-09
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