Discrimination between forms of vitamin E by humans with and without genetic abnormalities of lipoprotein metabolism

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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Lipid Research
Volume33
Issue8
Pages11711182; # of pages: 12
AbstractTo study the mechanisms of discrimination between various forms of vitamin E, four normal subjects, one patient with lipoprotein lipase deficiency, and three patients with abnormal apolipoprotein B-100 production were given an oral dose containing three tocopherols labeled with differing amounts of deuterium (2R,4'R,8'R-alpha-(5,7-(C2H3)2)tocopheryl acetate (d6-RRR-alpha-tocopheryl acetate), 2S,4'R,8'R-alpha-5-(C2H3)tocopheryl acetate (d3-SRR-alpha-tocopheryl acetate), and 2R,4'R,8'R-gamma-(3,4-2H)tocopherol (d2-RRR-gamma-tocopherol). The tocopherol contents of plasma, red cells, and lipoproteins were measured up to 76 h after the dose. In normal subjects all three tocopherols were absorbed and secreted in chylomicrons with equal efficiencies. Both d2-gamma- and d3-SRR-alpha-tocopherols peaked at similar concentrations in the other lipoprotein fractions, then decreased similarly, but 2-4 times more rapidly than did d6-RRR-alpha-tocopherol. A lipoprotein lipase-deficient patient and a patient with prolonged production of chylomicrons with absent apolipoprotein B-100 also demonstrated the lack of discrimination between tocopherols during absorption. Despite abnormal apolipoprotein B-100 production in two patients, the "VLDL" was preferentially enriched in d6-RRR-alpha-tocopherol. Our results show that there is no discrimination between the three tocopherols during absorption and secretion in chylomicrons, but subsequently there is a preferential enrichment of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) with RRR-alpha-tocopherol. Catabolism of this VLDL results in the maintenance of plasma RRR-alpha-tocopherol concentrations.
Publication date
Linkhttp://www.jlr.org/content/33/8/1171
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21276831
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Record identifiere0a96344-38ce-442b-9047-e34a2617442d
Record created2015-10-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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