- : Abbreviated closure for remote damage control laparotomy in extreme environments: a randomized trial of sutures versus wound clamps comparing terrestrial and weightless conditions (Opens in a new window)Get@NRC
|DOI||Resolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2017.03.027|
|Author||Search for: Kirkpatrick, Andrew W.; Search for: Mckee, Jessica Lynn; Search for: Tien, Colonel Homer; Search for: Laporta, Anthony J.; Search for: Lavell, Kit; Search for: Leslie, Tim; Search for: Mcbeth, Paul B.; Search for: Roberts, Derek J.; Search for: Ball, Chad G.|
|Journal title||The American Journal of Surgery|
|Subject||exsanguination; operational medicine; tactical medicine; damage control surgery; surgical simulation|
|Abstract||Introduction: Far-Forward Damage Control Laparotomies (DCLs) might provide direct-compression of visceral hemorrhage, however, suturing is a limiting factor, especially for non-physicians. We thus compared abbreviated skin closures comparing skin-suture (SS) versus wound-clamp (WC), on-board a research aircraft in weightlessness (0g) and normal gravity (1g).
Methods: Surgeons conducted DCLs on a surgical-simulator; onboard the hangered-aircraft (1g), or during parabolic flight (0g), randomized to either WC or SS.
Results: Ten surgeons participated. Two (40%) surgeons randomized to suture in 0g were incapacitated with motion-sickness, and none were able to close in either 1 or 0g. With WC, two completely closed in 1g as did three in 0g, despite having longer incisions (p = 0.016). Overall skin-closure with WC was significantly greater in both 1g (p = 0.016) and 0g (p = 0.008).
Conclusions: WC was more effective in 1g and particularly 0g. Future studies should address the utility of abbreviated WC abdominal closure to facilitate potential Far-Forward DCL.|
|Affiliation||Aerospace; National Research Council Canada|
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