Long-life high performance concrete bridge decks

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Proceedings title54th CBC2012 (Congresso Brasileiro do Concreto)
Conference54th Brazilian Conference on Concrete (CBC 2012), Oct 8-12, 2012, Maccio, Brazil
Subjectconcrete bridges; service life prediction; life-cycle cost analysis
AbstractHighway bridges and parking structures, subject to coupled effects of mechanical loads and corrosion, often show early signs of distress such as concrete cracking and rebar corrosion leading to reduced structural performance and shortened service life. One solution to this problem is to use low-shrinkage low-permeability high-performance concrete (HPC) for bridge decks exposed to de-icing salts and severe loading conditions. A new HPC was formulated to achieve low shrinkage and low permeability, high early-strength, and 28-day compressive strength over 60 MPa. Its mechanical performance and durability were tested both in the lab and field under severe test conditions, including restrained shrinkage, cycling loading, freezing and thawing cycles, and application of de-icing salts. Prediction models were developed and calibrated to predict structural performance and service life of concrete bridge decks under severe exposure conditions. Prediction models indicate that bridge decks designed with low-shrinkage HPC can achieve a service life up to 100 years. Compared to normal concrete decks, short-to-medium span bridge decks using low-shrinkage HPC could be built at a comparable initial construction cost, but at less than 35% of the life-cycle cost.
Publication date
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; Construction
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number55294
NPARC number21268325
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Record identifiere1f822a6-f4fc-4387-b3cd-9fc5720379ba
Record created2013-06-20
Record modified2016-05-09
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