The small-scale physical structure and fragmentation difference of two embedded intermediate-mass protostars in Orion

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/751/2/137
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TypeArticle
Journal titleThe Astrophysical Journal
ISSN0004-637X
Volume751
Issue2
Article number137
AbstractIntermediate-mass (IM) protostars, the bridge between the very common solar-like protostars and the more massive, but rarer, O and B stars, can only be studied at high physical spatial resolutions in a handful of clouds. In this paper, we present and analyze the continuum results from an observing campaign at the Submillimeter Array (SMA) targeting two well-studied IM protostars in Orion, NGC2071 and L1641 S3 MMS 1. The extended SMA (eSMA) probes structure at angular resolutions up to 02, revealing protostellar disks on scales of 200AU. Continuum flux measurements on these scales indicate that a significant amount of mass, a few tens of M ⊙, is present. Envelope, stellar, and disk masses are derived using compact, extended, and eSMA configurations and compared against spectral energy distribution fitting models. We hypothesize that fragmentation into three components occurred within NGC2071 at an early time, when the envelopes were less than 10% of their current masses, e.g., <0.5 M ⊙. No fragmentation occurred for L1641 S3 MMS 1. For NGC2071, evidence is given that the bulk of the envelope material currently around each source was accreted after the initial fragmentation. In addition, about 30% of the total core mass is not yet associated to one of the three sources. A global accretion model is favored and a potential accretion history of NGC2071 is presented. It is shown that the relatively low level of fragmentation in NGC2071 was stifled compared to the expected fragmentation from a Jeans argument. Similarly, the lack of fragmentation in L1641 S3 MMS 1 is likely due to similar arguments. © 2012. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved..
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Science Infrastructure; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21270055
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Record identifiere48a2d89-c661-45fa-8786-e8ac8b0a3f4b
Record created2013-12-16
Record modified2016-05-09
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