Oxidation resistance of novel multilayer coatings for gas turbine components

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1179/1743294414Y.0000000283
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TypeArticle
Journal titleSurface Engineering
ISSN0267-0844
Volume30
Issue9
Pages624635; # of pages: 12
SubjectAluminised layer; Cr-Si layer; Multi-layer-coating; Multi-layered coatings; NiCrAlY; Oxidation
AbstractThis article presents a study of the oxidation behaviour of two multilayer coatings, denoted as MC I and MC II, respectively, which are designed with a three-layer architecture: a Cr-Si barrier layer on the IN738 substrate, a NiCrAlY intermediate layer, and an aluminised top layer. The emphasis of this research is on the total amount of oxide scales formed and the residual oxide scales on the coatings with various combinations among the three layers to investigate the effects of each layer and the interactions between the layers on the oxidation resistance of the coatings. The difference between the two multilayer coatings is that the Al content in the top layer of MC II is twice as much as that in the top layer of MC I. The coatings are fabricated through a combination of plasma spray and pack cementation processes, and then experience oxidation test at 1050 °C for 1000 h. The average thicknesses of the oxide scales are around 15 and 45 μm for MC I and MC II, respectively. The experimental results are modelled using the analysis of variance. Two models for the volume of total oxide scales and the ratio of the volume of spalled oxide scales to the volume of total oxide scales, are proposed to study the effects of the coating layers on the formation and spallation of oxide scales, which directly affect the oxidation resistance of the coatings. The experimental and analytical results demonstrate that the Cr-Si layer and its interactions with the other coating layers affect the spallation of oxide scales the most among the three layers. It prevents Al and Cr from diffusing into the substrate. The interaction between the Cr-Si layer and the NiCrAlY layer, and the increase in Al/Ni ratio of the aluminide top layer, promote the formation of oxide scales and also minimise the spallation of oxide scales.
Publication date
PublisherManey Publications
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Aerospace
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21272641
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Record identifiere5196754-7b32-40bf-a4d8-e89e1b49b891
Record created2014-12-03
Record modified2016-05-09
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