Effect of single- and multi-hole bubble breakers on the effervescent atomization process

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1615/AtomizSpr.2015012108
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TypeArticle
Journal titleAtomization and Sprays
ISSN1044-5110
1936-2684
Volume26
Issue2
Pages135162
SubjectBubble breaker; Effervescent atomizer; High-speed imaging; Bubble size; Droplet size; Velocity
AbstractEffervescent atomization technique is used in many industrial applications such as gas turbines, internal combustion engines, furnaces and burners, and pharmaceutical sprays. The present study is focused on investigating the influence of a new type of bubble breaker on the two-phase flows inside and outside an effervescent atomizer. Different configurations (size and number of holes) of the new bubble breaker were considered over a range of gas to liquid flow rates ratios (GLRs) from 0.001 to 0.022. High-speed imaging was used to visualize and quantify bubble and spray characteristics. The results showed that the two-phase flow regime and bubbles' size inside the effervescent atomizer, and the spray droplets' size and velocity outside the atomizer are strongly influenced by the bubble breaker. The results demonstrated that the bubble breaker effectively fragments large bubbles into smaller ones. Furthermore, the results illustrate that the diameter and numbers of holes of the bubble breaker affect the bubble size inside the mixing zone as well as the droplet size and velocity.
Publication date
PublisherBegell House
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationAerospace; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23000039
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Record identifiere68de49c-b3cf-4cac-a2fe-63aa3938a206
Record created2016-05-31
Record modified2016-05-31
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