Photodegradation of RDX in aqueous solution: a mechanistic probe for biodegradation with Rhodococcus sp.

DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/es0207753
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TypeArticle
Volume36
Issue23
Pages51175123; # of pages: 7
Subjectenv
AbstractRecently we demonstrated that Rhodococcus sp. strain DN22 degraded hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) (1) aerobically via initial denitration followed by ring cleavage. Using UL 14C-[RDX] and ring labeled 15N-[RDX] approximately 30% of the energetic chemical mineralized (one C atom) and 64% converted to a dead end product that was tentatively identified as 4-nitro-2,4-diaza-butanal (OHCHNCH2NHNO2). To have further insight into the role of initial denitration on RDX decomposition, we photolyzed the energetic chemical at 350 nm and pH 5.5 and monitored the reaction using a combination of analytical techniques. GC/ MS-PCI showed a product with a [M+H] at 176 Da matching a molecular formula of C3H5N5O4 that was tentatively identified as the initially denitrated RDX product pentahydro-3,5-dinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohex-1-ene (II). LC/MS (ES-) showed that the removal of RDX was accompanied by the formation of two other key products, each showing the same [M-H] at 192 Da matching a molecular formula of C3H7N5O5. The two products were tentatively identified as the carbinol (III) of the enamine (II) and its ring cleavage product O2NNHCH2NNO2CH2NHCHO (IV). Interestingly, the removal of III and IV was accompanied by the formation and accumulation of OHCHNCH2NHNO2 that we detected with strain DN22. At the end of the experiment, which lasted 16 h, we detected the following products HCHO, HCOOH, NH2CHO, N2O, NO2-, and NO3-. Most were also detected during RDX incubation with strain DN22. Finally, we were unable to detect any of RDX nitroso products during both photolysis and incubation with the aerobic bacteria, emphasizing that initial denitration in both cases was responsible for ring cleavage and subsequent decomposition in water.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Biotechnology Research Institute; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number45887
NPARC number3538899
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Record identifiere7ef6a78-7140-4115-a945-38f83e3a5346
Record created2009-03-01
Record modified2016-05-09
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