Heaving Force of Frozen Ground. I. Mainly on the Results of Field Researches

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.4224/20359118
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TypeTechnical Report
Series titleTechnical Translation (National Research Council Canada); no. NRC-TT-1246
Physical description30 p.
SubjectPermafrost; Soils; frost heaving; freezing; Sol; foissonnement par le gel; congelation (physique); sol ( terre)
AbstractThe force exerted on an object on the ground or buried in the ground is the heaving force due to freezing. The smaller the extent of heaving permitted the greater the heaving force. The maximum force when no heaving is permitted can be divided into two components, the basal heaving force and the adfreezing force. Field apparatus was constructed to measure the uplift force and after one winter' s operation the results are as follows for a soil consisting of about 15% clay size and 20% silt size and the remained sand. The greatest depth of freezing was 57 cm; the basal heaving force was 29.3 kg/cm[2], and the maximum adfreezing force was 2.1 kg/cm[2] in an iron pipe, 1.65 kg/cm[2] in a vinyl pipe, 1.16 kg/cm[2] in a concrete pipe and 0.52 kg/cm[ 2] in a concrete pipe coated with a furan resin paint. Although the depth of freezing did not decrease during the winter, the heaving forces underwent increases and decreases several times. It is believed that the decrease of heaving force was due to the relief of stress as a result of cessation of heaving of the ground. The authors intend to continue the field work and to initiate laboratory experiments in order to finish this project.
Publication date
PublisherNational Research Council Canada
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC numberNRC-IRC-456
NPARC number20359118
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Record identifiere8c1df3c-4aaa-4169-bc8e-d2a5c0e6ca63
Record created2012-07-20
Record modified2017-07-05
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