Advanced vibration suppression algorithms in adaptive optics systems

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Journal titleJournal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision
Pages185194; # of pages: 10
SubjectAdaptive optics systems; Extremely Large Telescopes; Frame rate; Guide star; Keck observatory; Linear quadratic Gaussian; Monte Carlo Simulation; Multi rate; Multi-rate algorithm; Natural guide star; Peak vibrations; Peak widths; Sampling frequencies; Signal to noise; Sky coverage; Temporal sampling; Tip-tilt; Tomographic; Upsampling; Vibration suppression; Algorithms; Monte Carlo methods; Stars; Telescopes; Optical telescopes
AbstractVibration suppression in astronomical adaptive optics (AO) systems has gathered great attention in the context of next-generation instrumentation for current telescopes and future Extremely Large Telescopes. Laser tomographic AO systems require natural guide stars to measure the low-order modes such as tip-tilt (TT) and TT-anisoplanatism. To increase the sky coverage, the guide stars are often faint, thus requiring lower temporal sampling frequencies to work on a more favorable signal-to-noise regime. Such sampling frequencies can be of the order of, or even lower than, the range of frequencies where vibrations are likely to appear. Ideally, vibrations affecting the loworder modes could be corrected at the higher laser loop frame rate using an upsampling procedure. This paper compares the most relevant solutions proposed hitherto to a novel multirate algorithm using the linear-quadratic-Gaussian (LQG) approach capable of upsampling the correction to further reduce the impact of vibrations. Results from numerical Monte Carlo simulations span a large range of parameters from pure sinusoids to relatively broad peak vibrations, covering the likely-to-be signals in a realistic AO system. The improvement is shown at sampling frequencies from 20 to 800 Hz, including below the vibration itself, in the example of 29.5 Hz on a Thirty Meter Telescope-like scenario. The multirate LQG ensures the least residual for both faint and bright stars for all the peak widths considered based on telemetry from the Keck Observatory. © 2012 Optical Society of America.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); NRC Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics (HIA-IHA)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21269187
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Record identifiereb32e642-68db-4632-aca4-c4921bb8592f
Record created2013-12-12
Record modified2016-05-09
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