Bergy bit and growler melt deterioration

  1. (PDF, 163 KB)
  2. Get@NRC: Bergy bit and growler melt deterioration (Opens in a new window)
DOIResolve DOI:
AuthorSearch for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for:
Journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research
AbstractThe Canadian Ice Service, Environment Canada, is currently developing an operational iceberg forecasting model; the present work forms part of that effort. While existing models predict iceberg drift and deterioration, the new model will account for calving that produces smaller ice pieces and subsequently track the drift and melt of the calved pieces. Bergy bits and growlers, which we consider here to be ice pieces in the size range from 3 to 20 m, can cause large forces upon impact with offshore structures. The probability of encountering these bergy bits and growlers is of significant interest to marine transportation and offshore resource development. Calving due to wave-induced erosion at the waterline of a floating iceberg can produce many thousands of small ice pieces having a wide distribution of sizes. These small ice pieces then melt as individual entities and eventually disappear. Since the calving events occur periodically, there is a continual supply of small ice pieces in the neighborhood of the parent iceberg. The focus of the present paper is on the evolution of the size-frequency distribution function for the calved ice pieces. It makes use of the initial distribution function following the calving event discussed by Savage et al. (2000). Dimensional analysis, laboratory tests, and field observations are applied to obtain simple correlations and devise a melt law for the smaller ice pieces. This melt law is then used to determine the temporal evolution of the small ice piece size-frequency distribution function.
Publication date
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Canadian Hydraulics Centre
Peer reviewedNo
NPARC number12328640
Export citationExport as RIS
Report a correctionReport a correction
Record identifiereb88af99-8335-4292-a50f-78e60915d7fc
Record created2009-09-10
Record modified2016-05-09
Bookmark and share
  • Share this page with Facebook (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Twitter (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Google+ (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Delicious (Opens in a new window)