Solid-state 17O NMR and computational studies of C-nitrosoarene compounds

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Journal titleJournal of the American Chemical Society
Pages51435155; # of pages: 13
AbstractWe report the first solid-state ¹⁷O NMR determination of the ¹⁷O quadrupole coupling (QC) tensor and chemical shift (CS) tensor for four ¹⁷O-labeled C-nitrosoarene compounds: p-[¹⁷O]nitroso-N,Ndimethylaniline ([¹⁷O]NODMA), SnCl₂(CH₃)₂([¹⁷O]NODMA)₂, ZnCl₂([¹⁷O]NODMA)₂, and [¹⁷O]NODMA· HCl. The ¹⁷O quadrupole coupling constants (CQ) observed in these C-nitrosoarene compounds are on the order of 10-15 MHz, among the largest values found to date for organic compounds. The ¹⁷O CS tensor in these compounds exhibits remarkable sensitivity toward the nitroso bonding scheme with the chemical shift anisotropy (δ₁₁ - δ₃₃) ranging from just 350 ppm in [¹⁷O]NODMA· HCl to over 2800 ppm in [¹⁷O]NODMA. This latter value is among the largest ¹⁷O chemical shift anisotropies reported in the literature. These extremely anisotropic ¹⁷O NMR interactions make C-nitrosoarene compounds excellent test cases that allow us to assess the detection limit of solid-state ¹⁷O NMR. Our results suggest that, at 21.14 T, solidstate ¹⁷O NMR should be applicable to all oxygen-containing organic functional groups. We also show that density functional theory (DFT) calculations can reproduce reasonably well the experimental ¹⁷O QC and CS tensors for these challenging molecules. By combining quantum chemical calculations with experimental solid-state ¹⁷O NMR results, we are able to determine the ¹⁷O QC and CS tensor orientations in the molecular frame of reference for C-nitrosoarenes. We present a detailed analysis illustrating how magnetic fieldinduced mixing between individual molecular orbitals (MOs) contributes to the ¹⁷O shielding tensor in C-nitrosoarene compounds. We also perform a Townes-Dailey analysis for the observed 17O QC tensors and show that ¹⁷O CS and QC tensors are intrinsically related through the π bond order of the N=O bond. Furthermore, we are able for the first time to examine the parallelism between individual ¹⁷O and ¹⁵N CS tensor components in C-nitrosoarenes.
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AffiliationNRC Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number17673535
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Record identifiereb9cf42e-1379-47d9-a64f-24d9a5632a06
Record created2011-04-03
Record modified2016-05-09
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