The freeze-avoidance response of smelt Osmerus mordax : initiation and subsequent suppression of glycerol, trimethylamine oxide and urea accumulation

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TypeArticle
Journal titleThe Journal of Experimental Biology
ISSN0022-0949
1477-9145
Volume205
Issue10
Pages14191427; # of pages: 9
Subjectsmelt; Osmerus mordax; freeze-avoidance response; thermal hysteresis; glycerol; trimethylamine oxide; urea; glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase; antifreeze
AbstractSmelt (Osmerus mordax) were maintained at either ambient water temperature or approximately 5°C and various aspects of their freeze-avoidance response were examined from early winter until early spring. Plasma levels of glycerol, trimethylamine oxide (TMAO) and urea were elevated by December 15 and continued to increase in fish held in ambient conditions. In contrast, fish held under warm conditions exhibited decreased glycerol and urea content in plasma, muscle and liver. Plasma and liver TMAO levels also decreased in these fish while muscle TMAO did not vary from the initial values. The activity of liver enzymes involved with the production of glycerol did not differ significantly between groups and had decreased by the end of the study. Antifreeze protein (AFP) expression increased over the duration of the experiment. In January samples, AFP activity (thermal hysteresis) did not vary significantly between groups but mRNA levels were significantly lower in the smelt held at warm temperatures.
Publication date
PublisherThe Company of Biologists Ltd.
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Marine Biosciences
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number42356
NPARC number21271010
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Record identifiereccbb2b9-f655-42ef-9b26-8705a53839ff
Record created2014-03-11
Record modified2016-05-09
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