REVIEW: The rumen microbiome: composition, abundance, diversity, and new investigative tools

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.15232/S1080-7446(15)30076-0
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TypeArticle
Journal titleThe Professional Animal Scientist
ISSN1080-7446
Volume30
Issue1
Pages112
SubjectRumen; Microbiota; Ruminant digestion; Diversity; DNA-based technique; RNA-based technique
AbstractRuminants are able to degrade and use fibrous feed as a source of energy and nutrients because of the presence of complex anaerobic microbiota in the rumen, composed mainly of bacteria, fungi, and ciliate protozoa. Ruminal microorganisms play different roles in feed digestion and act synergistically to ferment plant structural and nonstructural carbohydrates and proteins. This review reports the latest assessment of microbiota diversity in the rumen ecosystem and summarizes the molecular techniques and the newly available “omic” technologies, based on DNA and RNA sequence analysis, which allow for new insights into the structure and functions of these complex microbial communities.
Publication date
PublisherElsevier
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
IdentifierS1080744615300760
NPARC number23000072
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Record identifierf0f0a41f-7246-4c03-be01-f106f03b7a61
Record created2016-06-01
Record modified2016-06-01
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