Occupant evacuation model for apartment and office buildings

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.4224/20338310
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TypeTechnical Report
Series titleInternal Report, Institute for Research in Construction, National Research Council Canada; Volume 741
Physical description19 p.
SubjectHuman behaviour
AbstractThe evacuation of occupants during a fire depends on occupant behaviour, the physical environment, warnings required and the development of the fire. This document describes the Occupant Evacuation Model for apartment and office buildings developed at the National Fire Laboratory. This model is used in the FiRECAMTM system model to compute the movement of occupants in the building and determine thenumber of occupants who are able to evacuate the building and those who are considered trapped in the building. The Occupant Evacuation Model is capable of handling large populations in a building up to 12,000 occupants and tracking the location of each individual during the evacuation process.The model is validated using the results of fire evacuation studies in Canadian apartment and office buildings. This report describes the methodology used in the model and presents a comparison of model results to data from actual drills in both office and apartment buildings.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number7696
NPARC number20338310
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Record identifierf41fbf7e-3fed-4b68-a96d-e1a843ab8814
Record created2012-07-19
Record modified2016-10-03
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