Mechanisms of reaction of aminoxyl (nitroxide), iminoxyl, and imidoxyl radicals with alkenes and evidence that in the presence of lead tetraacetate, N-hydroxyphthalimide reacts with alkenes by both radical and nonradical mechanisms

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/jo0504060
AuthorSearch for: ; Search for: ; Search for:
TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Organic Chemistry
ISSN0022-3263
Volume70
Issue12
Pages46294636; # of pages: 8
SubjectAmines; Hydrogen bonds; Lead compounds; Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy; Olefins; Substitution reactions; Allylic radicals; Heterolytic mechanisms; Monoadducts; Reaction kinetics; 1,2 dideuteriocyclohexene; 1,2 dideuteriocyclooctene; 3,4 dideuteriohex 3 ene; alkene derivative; cyclohexene derivative; lead acetate; lead tetraacetate; n hydroxyphthalimide; nitroxide; phthalimide derivative; phthalimide n oxyl; radical; unclassified drug; article; chemical analysis; chemical bond; chemical modification; chemical structure; nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy; reaction analysis
Abstract1,2-Dideuterio-cyclohexene, 1,2-dideuterio-cyclooctene, and trans-3,4-dideuterio-hex-3-ene were reacted with three >NO. radicals: 4-hydroxyTempo, di-tert-butyliminoxyl, both used as the actual radicals, and phthalimide-N-oxyl (PINO) generated from N-hydroxyphthalimide (NHPI) by its reaction with tert-alkoxyl radicals (t-RO.) and with lead tetraacetate. In all cases, except the NHPI/Pb(OAc)4 system, only mono >NO.-substituted alkenes were produced. The 2H NMR spectra imply that 88-92% of monoadducts were formed by the initial abstraction of an allylic H-atom, followed by capture of the allylic radical by a second >NO., while the remaining 12-8% appear to be formed by an initial addition of >NO. to the double bond followed by H-atom abstraction by a second >NO.. A substantial and sometimes the major product formed with the NHPI/Pb(OAc)4 system has two PINO moieties added across the double bond. Since such diadducts are not formed with the NHPI/t-RO. system, a heterolytic mechanism is proposed, analogous to that known for the Pb(OAc)4-induced acetoxylation of alkenes. A detailed analysis of the NHPI/Pb(OAc) 4/alkene products indicates that monosubstitution occurs by both homolytic and heterolytic processes. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21276576
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Record identifierf5d87f57-9347-409b-b5f7-f91bcd188008
Record created2015-10-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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