Archaeosomes induce enhanced cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses to entrapped souble antigens in the absence of IL-12 and protect against tumor challenge.

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TypeArticle
Journal titleCancer Research
ISSN1538-7445
Volume63
Pages25262534; # of pages: 9
AbstractArchaeosome adjuvants formulated as archaeal ether glycerolipid vesicles induce strong CD4(+) as well as CD8(+) CTL responses to entrapped soluble antigens. Immunization of mice with ovalbumin (OVA) entrapped in archaeosomes composed of the total polar lipids of Methanobrevibacter smithii resulted in a potent OVA-specific CD8(+) T-cell response, and subsequently, the mice dramatically resisted solid tumor growth of OVA-expressing EG.7 cells and lung metastasis of B16OVA melanoma cells. Prophylactic protection was antigen-specific because tumor curtailment was not seen in mice injected with antigen-free archaeosomes. Similarly, there was no protection against B16 melanoma cells lacking OVA expression. Furthermore, in vivo depletion of CD8(+) T cells abrogated the protective response, indicating that the antitumor immunity was mediated by CTLs. Depletion of CD4(+) T cells also resulted in partial loss of tumor protection, suggesting a beneficial role for T-helper cells. Interestingly OVA-archaeosomes induced enhanced CTL response in the absence of interleukin 12 and IFN-gamma. Furthermore, interleukin 12-deficient mice mounted strong tumor protection. However, IFN-gamma-deficient mice, despite the strong CTL response, were only transiently protected, revealing a need for IFN-gamma response in tumor protection. Archaeosomes also facilitated therapeutic protection when injected into mice concurrent with tumor cells. Interestingly, even archaeosomes lacking entrapped antigen mediated therapeutic protection, and this correlated to the activation of innate immunity as evident by the increased tumor-infiltrating natural killer and dendritic cells. Thus, archaeosomes represent effective tumor antigen delivery vehicles that can mediate protection by activating both innate as well as acquired immunity.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Biological Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC numberKRISHNAN2003
42470
NPARC number9364369
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Record identifierf648e74d-a339-43ad-bc57-0f95bc07d265
Record created2009-07-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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