Experimental characterization of contaminants in engine lubricants using surface plasmon resonance sensing

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1108/00368791311292828
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TypeArticle
Journal titleIndustrial Lubrication and Tribology
ISSN0036-8792
Volume65
Issue1
Pages6168; # of pages: 8
SubjectAutomotive components industry; Bayesian classification; Design/methodology/approach; Dielectric permittivities; Engine components; Engine lubricants; Experimental characterization; Incidence angles; Online condition monitoring; Online monitoring; Resonance angle; SPR sensors; Surface plasmon resonance sensing; Surface plasmons; Absorption refrigeration; Characterization; Condition monitoring; Contamination; Coolants; Engines; Gasoline; Impurities; Lubricants; Pattern recognition; Permittivity; Plasmons; Reflection; Refractive index; Water; Water absorption; Surface plasmon resonance
AbstractPurpose - The purpose of this paper is to develop new knowledge in experimental characterization of contaminants in engine lubricants, using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensing that can be applicable for on-line condition monitoring of lubricant quality and engine component performance. Design/methodology/approach - The effect of change in optical properties (e.g. transparency, absorption, and refractive index) of engine lubricants caused by the introduction of contaminants, such as gasoline, coolant, and water, on the surface plasmon resonance characteristics is analyzed experimentally. In SPR measurement, variations in both the refractive index and absorption cause changes in the SPR curve, which is the dependence of reflectivity vs incidence angle. The SPR characteristics (e.g. refractivity) of engine lubricant contaminated by gasoline, water and coolant at different concentration are measured as a function of resonance angle and analyzed with respect to different concentration (1%-10%) of contaminants. Also, pattern recognition analysis between fresh and used engine lubricants is performed, to show applicability of Bayesian classification methodology for on-line monitoring and predicting engine lubricant condition. Findings - It was shown experimentally that attenuation of surface plasmons due to introduction of contaminants to the engine lubricant leads to a noticeable change in resonance angle and reflectivity minimum of the SPR curve due to an increase in the dielectric permittivity. In addition, the changes in the SPR characteristics were observed between fresh and used engine lubricant, causing resonance angle and reflectivity minimum of the SPR curve to shift. Practical implications - The knowledge generated in this study lays the informational basis to further develop an on-line system for engine lubricant condition monitoring using miniaturized SPR sensors fully suitable for on board applications. Originality/value - SPR characterization is originally applied for analysis of optical properties of engine lubricants caused by the introduction of contaminants, such as gasoline, coolant, and water. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Automotive (AUTO-AUTO)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21269971
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Record identifierf7c76e14-887a-4294-9e71-8d15bdbb0276
Record created2013-12-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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