Effect of ammonia gas addition to the synthesis environment of single-walled carbon nanotubes on their surface chemistry

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.06.062
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TypeArticle
Journal titleChemical Engineering Journal
ISSN1385-8947
Volume230
Pages8092; # of pages: 13
SubjectAmmonia chemisorption; Ammonia decomposition; Concentration profiles; Induction thermal plasma; Semiconducting tubes; Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs); Singlewalled carbon nanotube (SWCNT); Two-step reaction mechanisms; Chemical modification; Computer simulation; Infrared spectroscopy; Kinetics; Numerical models; Reaction intermediates; Surface chemistry; Synthesis (chemical); Thermogravimetric analysis
AbstractThis study evaluates the effect of ammonia gas addition on synthesis environment and surface chemistry of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) produced by induction thermal plasma system (ITP). The experiments were carried out based on the opposed-flow injection of ammonia into the ITP reactor used for mass production of SWCNTs containing soot. The influence of in situ ammonia injection on the SWCNT final products was closely examined by Raman spectroscopy at three wavelengths, coupled thermogravimetry-infrared spectroscopy (TG-FTIR) and solid-phase infrared spectroscopy. The results clearly indicated the surface modification of SWCNTs where the metallic tubes had a greater tendency than the semiconducting tubes to react with ammonia at high temperature. To better understand the reaction system and predict the concentration profile of the intermediates and the product species from thermal decomposition of ammonia in the ITP reactor, a numerical simulation was developed including both the detailed kinetic of ammonia decomposition and turbulent mixing in the reaction system. By comparing the experimental and simulation results, a two-step reaction mechanism is suggested for this in situ SWCNTs chemistry in which the reaction of atomic hydrogen and amidogen radicals with SWCNTs, is followed by the ammonia chemisorption.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationSecurity and Disruptive Technologies; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21270385
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Record identifierf9d1c3a7-9fd0-4795-9a79-8e57057714c1
Record created2014-02-06
Record modified2016-05-09
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