Inhibition of oil oxidation by 2,6-di-t-butyl-4-substituted phenols

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/j100840a009
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Physical Chemistry
ISSN0022-3654
Volume64
Issue11
Pages16361642; # of pages: 7
AbstractA number of 2,6-di-t-butyl-4-substituted phenols have been prepared and their efficiencies in inhibiting the autoxidation of a saturated white mineral oil have been compared. Electron releasing 4-substituents increase the efficiency of the inhibitors and, provided the substituents are small, the results can be represented by a Hammett ρσ plot. For bulky alkyl substituents in the 4-position, the relative inhibiting efficiencies can be related to the Taft steric substituent constants Es. Replacement of the phenolic hydrogen by deuterium does not affect the efficiency of the inhibitors. It is concluded that the rate controlling step of inhibition involves an addition reaction, perhaps by a charge transfer process, in which the attacking peroxy radical becomes conjugated with the aromatic ring of the inhibitor, probably via the π electrons on the phenolic oxygen atom.
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LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21276708
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Record identifierfa8cc719-689c-4115-a71c-6546ef35471b
Record created2015-10-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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