Adhesion of bituminous crack sealants to aggregates

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Conference85th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board: 22 January 2006, Washington, D.C.
Pages114; # of pages: 14
Subjectadhesion, contact angle, surface tension, crack sealant; Roads/Pavement; Pavements
AbstractThe performance of bituminous sealants in the field is partly controlled by the properties and strength of the sealant aggregate interface. The thermodynamic work of adhesion represents the energy required for reversible separation of the two materials at the interface. The work of fracture includes the energy required for both reversible and irreversible processes during separation. The excess of work of facture over work of adhesion represents the energy consumed byirreversible processes in the specimen during loading and fracture. In addition, the adhesion strength is related to the properties of the constitutive components. The objective of this study is to measure or predict the adhesion of hot poured bituminous-based sealant to aggregates of different chemical composition. In order to accomplish this, the work of fracture and the thermodynamic work of adhesion were estimated for 14 hot-poured bituminous-based sealants withtwo types of aggregate: limestone and quartzite. The work of adhesion for each sealant-aggregate system was calculated from the contact angle measurements of the system components at corresponding sealant installation temperature. In general, limestone showed better adhesion to hot-poured crack sealant than quartzite. Interfacial parameters such as contact angles and surface tensions were successfully used to differentiate between sealants. These findings were in agreement with preliminary testing results of 14 sealants using a newly developed fixture in the direct tension testing machine. Provided the sealant has an appropriate viscosity to fill the crack, as the sealant surface tension decreases, its adhesion strength increases.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number48629
NPARC number20377591
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Record identifierfce426fe-b331-4ae1-91d9-c35848665adb
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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