Smoke control and fire evacuation by elevators

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Journal titleASHRAE Transactions
Pages231245; # of pages: 15
Subjectelevators; emergency exits; fire protection; handicapped persons; high rise buildings; smoke controls; computer analysis; evaluation criteria; elevator smoke controls; Smoke management
AbstractIn recent years, the possibility of using elevators as a means of fire escape has received considerable attention. This interest has been sparked by an increased awareness of life safety problems of the handicapped and also general fire evacuation problems of high-rise buildings. The use of elevators as a means of fire evacuation is a potential solution to this problem. The major technical obstacle to this is smoke contamination of elevator lobbies and shafts. This paper discusses elevator smoke control systems including criteria for evaluation and presents an analysis of airflow due to elevator car motion. Computer analysis of several elevator smoke control systems are included for several combinations of open and closed doors and for summer and winter conditions.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
NotePresented at the 1986 ASHRAE Winter Meeting, San Francisco, CA, USA, Jan 19-22, 1986
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number27638
NPARC number20375672
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Record identifierfdd07e8a-2bd6-4f25-9300-309ad2f3aadd
Record created2012-07-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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