Comparison of model predictions and actual experience of occupant response and evacuation in two highrise apartment building fires

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TypeArticle
Conference2nd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: 26 March 2001, Boston, MA., U.S.A.
Pages7788; # of pages: 12
Subjectapartment, building, fire, smoke, occupant, risk, prediction, actual; Risk/cost assessment
AbstractThis paper compares the predictions of the FiRECAM? risk-cost assessment model with the actual experience of occupant response and evacuation in two high-rise apartment building fires. The first fire was one that occurred in a 29-storey building and resulted in 6 casualties in the stair shafts. The second occurred in a 25-storey building that had a casualty in the apartment of fire origin and a subsequent death a few days later. FiRECAM? employs a fire growth sub-model to predict how the fire develops in the apartment of fire origin, a smoke movement sub-model to predict how the smoke spreads in the building, and estimates the time at which the stairs become unusable for evacuation. It also employs occupant response and evacuation sub-models to predict the behaviour of the occupants.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number44524
10204
NPARC number20378596
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Record identifierff895ae7-6ee6-46ff-bd11-8aa5218b508a
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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