Kinetic applications of electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. 40. Intramolecular reactions of some N-alkylcarboxamidyl radicals

Download
  1. Get@NRC: Kinetic applications of electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. 40. Intramolecular reactions of some N-alkylcarboxamidyl radicals (Opens in a new window)
DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/ja00386a038
AuthorSearch for: ; Search for:
TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of the American Chemical Society
ISSN0002-7863
Volume104
Issue22
Pages60716075; # of pages: 5
AbstractAn extensive search for an amidyl radical that would undergo a rearrangement at a rate that could be measured by kinetic EPR spectroscopy, and could therefore serve as a free-radical clock, is described. Approximate or limiting rate constants at specific temperatures were obtained for some intramolecular H-atom abstractions and cyclizations onto C=C double bonds involving acyclic amidyl radicals and for some ring-opening reactions of N-cycloalkylamidyl radicals. These kinetic data have been combined with estimated Arrhenius preexponential factors to yield approximate activation energies. Rate constants at 300 K estimated for H abstractions via six-center cyclic transition states are 1 × 105 s-1 and 4 × 104 s-1 for abstraction from a methyl group in the alkyl and acyl moieties, respectively, and 5 × 106 s-1 for abstraction from an allylic position in the acyl group. For exo cyclizations, rate constants at 300 K are estimated to be ≥1 × 107 s-1 and 1 × 106 s-1 for the formation of five- and six-membered rings involving the acyl moiety but only 5 × 104 s-1 for the formation of a five-membered ring involving the alkyl moiety. Rate constants for the ring openings of N-cyclopropyl-, N-cyclobutyl-, and N-cyclopentylamidyl radicals are estimated to be ≫2 × 108 s-1, >4 × 108 s-1, and <8 × 104 s-1, respectively, at 300 K. © 1982 American Chemical Society.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21276554
Export citationExport as RIS
Report a correctionReport a correction
Record identifierffae6cc2-7888-4895-9b73-b30854d623a3
Record created2015-10-13
Record modified2016-05-09
Bookmark and share
  • Share this page with Facebook (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Twitter (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Google+ (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Delicious (Opens in a new window)