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Guo, Hongsheng; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J., "A numerical study on NOx formation in laminar counterflow CH4/air triple flames", Combustion and Flame, 143 (3), 2205, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2005.06.004).
 
Liu, F.; Chu, H.; Zhou, H.; Smallwood, G. J., "Evaluation of the absorption line blackbody distribution function of CO2 and H2O using the proper orthogonal decomposition and hyperbolic correlations", Eurotherm Seminar 95: Computational Thermal Radiation in Participating Media IV, April 18-20, 2012, Nancy, France, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, p. 27-33, 2013, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.07.009).
 
Liu, Fengshan; Thomson, Kevin A.; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Soot temperature and volume fraction retrieval from spectrally resolved flame emission measurement in laminar axisymmetric coflow diffusion flames : Effect of self-absorption", Combustion and Flame, 160 (9), 2013, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2013.02.007).
 
Liu, Fengshan; Consalvi, Jean-Louis; Fuentes, Andrés; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Effects of water vapour addition to the air stream on soot volume fraction and flame temperature in a laminar coflow ethylene flame", 7th International Symposium on Radiative Transfer, RAD-13, 2-8 June 2013, Kusadasi, Turkey, Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Radiative Transfer, RAD-13, 2013.
 
Liggio, John; Gordon, Mark; Smallwood, Gregory; Li, Shao-Meng; Stroud, Craig; Staebler, Ralf; Lu, Gang; Lee, Patrick; Taylor, Brett; Brook, Jeffrey R., "Are emissions of black carbon from gasoline vehicles underestimated? Insights from near and on-road measurements", Environmental Science and Technology, 46 (9), p.4819-4828, 2012, (http://doi.org/10.1021/es2033845).
 
Smallwood, Gregory, "Laser-induced incandescence (LII) for the measurement of atmospheric black carbon", 2012, (http://doi.org/10.4224/21186089)
 
Liu, F; Dworkin, S. B.; Thomson, M. J.; Smallwood, G. J., "Modeling DME addition effects to fuel on PAH and soot in laminar coflow ethylene/air diffusion flames using two PAH mechanisms", Seventh Mediterranean Combustion Symposium, Sept. 11-15, 2011, Chia Laguana, Sardinia, Italy, Combustion Science and Technology, p. 966-979, 2012, (http://doi.org/10.1080/00102202.2012.663989).
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Gu, Zhongzhu; Thomson, Kevin A.; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Baksh, Fazil F., "Soot formation in a laminar ethylene/air diffusion flame at pressures from 1 to 8atm", 34th International Symposium on Combustion, July 29-August 3 2012, Warsaw, Poland, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, p. 1795-1802, 2012, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2012.07.006).
 
Brown, Anthony P.; Bastian, Matthew; Smallwood, Greg; O'Brien, Jason, "Aviation emissions index derivation methodologies from flight data, including black carbon and aerosols", 4th AIAA Atmospheric and Space Environments Conference 2012, June 25-28, 2012, New Orleans, LA, USA, 4th AIAA Atmospheric and Space Environments Conference 2012, p. 288-298, 2012, (http://doi.org/10.2514/6.2012-2926).
 
Burr, D. W.; Daun, K. J.; Thomson, K. A.; Smallwood, G. J., "Optimum angles for multi-angle elastic light scattering experiments", ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition (IMECE2011), 11-17 November 2011, Denver, Colorado, USA, Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition (IMECE2011), 2011.
 
Liu, F.; He, X.; Ma, X.; Zhang, Q.; Thomson, M. J.; Guo, H.; Smallwood, G. J.; Shuai, S.; Wang, J., "An experimental and numerical study of the effects of dimethyl ether addition to fuel on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and soot formation in laminar coflow ethylene/air diffusion flames", Combustion and Flame, 158 (3), 2011, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.combusflame.2010.10.005).
 
Link, O.; Snelling, D.R.; Thomson, K.A.; Smallwood, G.J., "Development of absolute intensity multi-angle light scattering for the determination of polydisperse soot aggregate properties", Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 33 (1), 2011, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2010.06.073).
 
Burr, D. W.; Daun, K. J.; Link, O.; Thomson, K. A.; Smallwood, G. J., "Determination of the soot aggregate size distribution from elastic light scattering through Bayesian inference", Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 112 (6), 2011, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2010.12.001).
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory J., "The effect of preferential diffusion on soot formation in a laminar ethylene/air diffusion flame", Combustion Theory and Modelling, 15 (1), 2011, (http://doi.org/10.1080/13647830.2010.528038).
 
Liu, F.; Smallwood, G. J., "Control of the structure and sooting characteristics of a coflow laminar methane/air diffusion flame using a central air jet: An experimental and numerical study", Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 33 (1), 2011, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2010.06.097).
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Kong, Wenjun, "The importance of thermal radiation transfer in laminar diffusion flames at normal and microgravit", Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 112 (7), 2011, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2010.08.021).
 
Chan, T. W.; Brook, J. R.; Smallwood, G. J.; Lu, G., "Time-resolved measurements of black carbon light absorption in urban and near-urban locations of southern Ontario, Canada", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11 (20), 2011, (http://doi.org/10.5194/acp-11-10407-2011).
 
Burr, D. W.; Daun, K. J.; Thomson, K. A.; Smallwood, G. J., "Optimization of measurement angles for soot aggregate sizing by elastic light scattering, through design-of-experiment theory", Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 113 (5), p.355-365, 2011, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2011.12.004).
 
Saffaripour, M.; Zabeti, P.; Dworkin, S. B.; Zhang, Q.; Thomson, M. J.; Guo, H.; Liu, F.; Smallwood, G. J., "A numerical and experimental study of a laminar sooting coflow jet-A1 diffusion flame", CI/CS 2010, Combustion Institute Canadian Section Spring Technical Meeting: Carleton University, Ottawa, May 9-12, 2010, Proceedings of Combustion Institute, p. 601-608, 2011, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2010.06.068).
 
Robin Devillers; Kevin Thomson; Greg Smallwood; Matthew Johnson, "Open Path LII Diagnostics for PM Emissions from Flares", 2011, (http://doi.org/10.4224/17836437).
 
Geigle, Klaus-Peter; Smallwood, Greg; Johnson, Matthew, "Fuelling a cleaner future : Quantification and characteriazation of soot emissions from combustion based energy conversion - Year 3 Report", 2011, (http://doi.org/10.4224/17862217).
 
Vena, P. C.; Deschamps, B.; Smallwood, G. J.; Johnson, M. R., "Flame front behaviour in a stratified iso-octane/air turbulent V-flame", Combustion Institute, Canadian Section Spring Technical Meeting (Ottawa, ON, May 9-12, 2010), Proceedings of Combustion Institute, Canadian Section Spring Technical Meeting, 2010.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Effect of aggregation on the absorption cross-section of fractal soot aggregates and its impact on LII modelling", Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 111 (2), 2010, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2009.06.017).
 
Kohler, M.; Geigle, K. P.; Meier, W.; Crosland, B.; Thomson, K. A.; Smallwood, G., "Sooting turbulent jet flame : characterization and quantitative soot measurements", Fourth international workshop and eeting on laser-induced incandescence : quantitative interpretation, modeling, application (Varenna, IT, April 18-20, 2010), 2010.
 
Devillers, Robin W.; Thomson, Kevin A.; Smallwood, Greg J., "Measurement of soot concentration in plumes with remote auto-compensating laser-induced incandescence: design&lab-scale demonstration", Proceedings of Combustion Institute, Canadian Section Spring Technical Meeting (Ottawa, ON, May 9-12, 2010), 2010.
 
Smallwood, Greg, "Physical Characterization of Airborne Nanocarbon", 2010
 
Liu, F.; He, X.; Ma, X.; Shuai, S.; Wang, J.; Smallwood, G. J., "An experimental and numerical study of the effects of dimethyl ether addition to fuel on PAH and soot formation in laminar coflow ethylene/air diffusion flames", Proceedings of Combustion Institute, Canadian Section Spring Technical Meeting (Ottawa, ON, May 9-12, 2010), 2010.
 
Liu, F.; Smallwood, G. J., "Effect of particle aggregation on soot temperature determination in two-color LII experiments", 2010
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "Modeling laser-induced incandescence of coated soot by a thin layer of glycerol", 2010
 
Geigle, K. P.; Thomson, K. A.; Smallwood, G. J.; Snelling, D. R., "Influence of pulsed laser heating on the optical properties of soot", 2010
 
Geigle, K. P.; Thomson, K. A.; Smallwood, G. J.; Zizak, G., "Synopsis of recent LII research activities as presented on the 4th International Workshop on LII: Laser-Induced Incandescence: Quantitative Interpretation, Modeling, Application", 2010
 
Burr, D. W.; Daun, K. J.; Link, O.; Thomson, K. A.; Smallwood, G., "Soot particle sizing by inverse analysis of multiangle elastic light scattering using Bayesian inference", Proceedings of Combustion Institute, Canadian Section Spring Technical Meeting (Ottawa, ON, May 9-12, 2010), 2010.
 
Dworkin, Seth B.; Zhang, Qingang; Guo, Hongsheng; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Thomson, Murray J., "Numerical modelling of PAH formation and soot inception in the central/pyrolysis region of an ethylene/air diffusion flame", Proceedings of Combustion Institute, Canadian Section Spring Technical Meeting (Ottawa, ON, May 9-12, 2010), 2010.
 
Wolf, K.; Thomson, K.; Migliorini, F.; Grotheer, H. H.; Kohler, M.; Geigle, K. P.; Smallwood, G., "IR-laser ablation of species from growing soot particles and their detection through mass spectrometry", 2010
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Kong, Wenjun, "The importance of thermal radiation transfer in laminar diffusion flames at normal and microgravity", The 6th International Symposium on Radiative Transfer (ICHMT), Antalya, Turkey, June 13-19, 2010, RADIATIVE TRANSFER - VI. Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Radiative Transfer, 2010, (http://doi.org/10.1615/ICHMT.2010.RAD-6).
 
Smallwood, Greg; Thomson, Kevin; Snelling, David; Greenhalgh, Doug, "Mass Concentration of Nonvolatile Nanoparticle Emissions: Comparison of Autocompensating Laser-Induced Incandescence (AC-LII) to Other Techniques", International Energy Agency 32nd Task Leaders Meeting on Energy Conservation and Emissions Reduction in Combustion, Nara, Japan, July 25-29, 2010, Proceedings. International Energy Agency 32nd Task Leaders Meeting on Energy Conservation and Emissions Reduction in Combustion, 2010.
 
Smallwood, Gregory J.; Bachalo, William D., "Laser-induced incandescence (LII) for the measurement of nonvolatile particulate mass", 2010
 
Migliorini, F.; Thomson, K. A.; Smallwood, G. J., "Investigation of optical properties of aging soot", Proceedings of Combustion Institute, Canadian Section Spring Technical Meeting (Ottawa, ON, May 9-12, 2010), 2010.
 
Zhang, Q.; Thomson, M. J.; Guo, H.; Liu, F.; Smallwood, G. J., "Modeling of oxidation-driven soot aggregate fragmentation in a laminar coflow diffusion flame", Combustion Science and Technology, 182 (4), 2010, (http://doi.org/10.1080/00102200903463050).
 
Burr, D. W.; Daun, K. J.; Link, O.; Thomson, K. A.; Smallwood, G. J., "Soot particle sizing by inverse analysis of multiangle elastic light scattering", 6th International Symposium on Radiative Transfer (Antalya, Turkey, June 13-19, 2010), Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Radiative Transfer, 2010.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Radiative properties of numerically generated fractal soot aggregates : the importance of configuration averaging", Journal of heat transfer, 132 (2), 2010, (http://doi.org/10.1115/1.4000245).
 
Devillers, Robin; Thomson, Kevin; Smallwood, Greg; Johnson, Matthew, "Open path LII diagnostic for the determination of PM emissions from flares. Year 2 report to Natural Resources Canada", 2010, (http://doi.org/10.4224/17719206).
 
Daun, K. J.; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Liu, Fengshan, "Molecular dynamics simulations of translational thermal accommodation coefficients for time-resolved LII", Applied Physics B, 94 (1), 2009, (http://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-008-3277-y).
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Numerical study of the effects of pressure and gravitational acceleration on soot formation in laminar axisymmetric coflow methane diffusion flame: examining the p2g scaling", Proceedings of Combustion Institute - Canadian Section Spring Technical Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, May 11-13, 2009, Proceedings of Combustion Institute - Canadian Section Spring Technical Meeting 2009, 2009.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Radiative properties of numerically generated fractal soot aggregates: the importance of configuration averating", ASME 2009 Heat Transfer Summer Conference: San Francisco, California: July 19-23, 2009, Proceedings of the ASME 2009 Heat Transfer Summer Conference, 2009, 2009.
 
Smallwood, Gregory J., "Fundamentals and applications of laser-induced incandescence", 2009
 
Liu, Fengshan; Snelling, David R.; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Effects of the Fractal Prefactor on the Optical Properties of Fractal Soot Aggregates", ASME 2009 2nd Micro/Nanoscale Heat & Mass Transfer (MNHMT 2009)International Conference, Shanghai, China, December 18-22, 2009, Proceedings of ASME 2009 2nd Micro/Nanoscale Heat & Mass Transfer (MNHMT 2009)International Conference, 2009., 2009.
 
Zhang, Q.; Guo, Hongsheng; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory; Thomson, M. J., "Modeling of soot aggregate formation and size distribution in a laminar ethylene/air coflow diffusion flame with detailed PAH chemistry and an advanced sectional aerosol dynamics model", Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 32 (1), 2009, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2008.06.109).
 
Smallwood, Greg, "Development and application of laser-induced incandescence (LII) to measurement of nonvolatile nanoparticulate emissions in the atmosphere", NOSA Aerosol Symposium 2009, Lund, Sweden, November 12-13, 2009, Proceedings. NOSA Aerosol Symposium 2009, 2009.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Kong, Wenjun, "Numerical study of the effects of pressure and gravitational acceleration on soot formation in laminar axisymmetric coflow methane/air diffusion flame", 2009 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, San Francisco, California, July 19-23, 2009, Proceedings of the 2009 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, 2009.
 
Vena, P. C.; Deschamps, B.; Smallwood, G.J.; Johnson, M. R., "Equivalence ratio gradient effects in a stratified isooctane/air turbulent flame front", Combustion Institute - Canadian Section Spring Technical Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, May 11-14, 2009, Proceedings of Combustion Institute - Canadian Section Spring Technical Meeting, 2009, 2009.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Effects of aggregation on the absorption cross section of fractal soot aggregates and its impact on LII modelling", Eurotherm 83 - Computational Thermal Radiation in Participating Media, Lisboa, Portugal, April 15-17, 2009, Proceedings of Eurotherm 83 - Computational Thermal Radiation in Participating Media, 2009, 2009.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Thomson, Kevin; Smallwood, Gregory, "Numerical investigation of the effect of signal trapping on soot measurements using LII in laminar coflow diffusion flames", Ninth Asia-Pacific International Symposium on Combustion and Energy Utilization (Beijing, CN, November 2-6, 2008), Applied Physics B, p. 671-682, 2009, (http://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-009-3574-0).
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Thomson, Kevin; Smallwood, Gregory, "On the effect of carbon monoxide addition on soot formation in a laminar ethylene/air coflow diffusion flame", Combustion and Flame, 156 (6), 2009, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2009.01.006).
 
Zhang, Q.; Thomson, M. J.; Guo, H.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "A numerical study of soot aggregate formation in a laminar coflow diffusion flame", Combustion and Flame, 156 (3), 2009, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2008.10.022).
 
Vena, P. C.; Deschamps, B. M.; Smallwood, G. J.; Johnson, M. R., "Structure of a partially premixed iso-octane/air turbulent V-flame", SAE 2009 Powertrains Fuels and Lubricants Meeting, November 02-04, 2009, San Antonio, Texas, 2009, (http://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-2655).
 
Emissions measurement and testing, 2009", SAE 2009 World Congress, April 20-23, 2009, Detroit, Michigan, USA (Warrendale, PA), 2009.
 
Daun, K.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "Molecular dynamics simulation of thermal accommodation coefficients for LII experiments", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2008 Spring Technical Meeting (Toronto, ON, May 11-14), 2008.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory; Migliorini, B.; Zizak, G., "Effects of hydrogen and helium addition to fuel on soot formation in an axisymmetric coflow laminar methane-air diffusion flame", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2008 Spring Technical Meeting (Toronto, ON, May 11-14), 2008.
 
Boulanger, Joan; Neill, W. Stuart; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J., "An Improved Phenomenological Soot Formation Submodel for Three-Dimensional Diesel Engine Simulations : Extension to Agglomeration of Particles into Clusters", Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 130 (6), 2008, (http://doi.org/10.1115/1.2939003).
 
Thomson, Kevin; Johnson, M.; Snelling, David; Smallwood, Gregory, "One-dimensional spectral line-of-sight attenuation for soot optical property measurement", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2008 Spring Technical Meeting (Toronto, ON, May 11-14), 2008.
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Neill, W. Stuart; Smallwood, Gregory J., "A numerical study on the effect of water addition on NO formation in counterflow CH4/air premixed flames", Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 130 (5), 2008, (http://doi.org/10.1115/1.2432890).
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Trottier, Stephanie; Johnson, Matthew R.; Smallwood, Gregory, "A numerical investigation on soot formation from laminar diffusion flames of ethylene/methane mixture.", 2008 ASME Heat Transfer Conference (Jacksonville, FL, 10-14 August), Track 5: Heat Transfer in Combustion, Fire and Reacting Flows. Session: Simulations, Diagnostics, and Experiments in Combustion, Fire, and Reacting Flow Research. Sub-Session: 5-4-5 Hydrocarbon Combustion II, p. 1-7, 2008.
 
Smallwood, Gregory, "Measurement of combustion-generated nonvolatile nanoparticles", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2008 Spring Technical Meeting (Toronto, ON, May 11-14), 2008.
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory J., "A numerical study on the influence of CO2 addition on soot formation in an ethylene/air diffusion flame", 21st International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosion and Reactive Systems (ICDERS):Poitiers, France, July 22-28, 2007, Proceedings of the 21st International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosion and Reactive Systems (ICDERS), 2008, (http://doi.org/10.1080/00102200802258072).
 
Zhang, Q.; Guo, Hongsheng; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Thomson, M.J., "Implementation of an advanced fixed sectional aerosol dynamics model with soot aggregate formation in a laminar methane/air coflow diffusion flame", Combustion Theory and Modelling, 12 (4), 2008, (http://doi.org/10.1080/13647830801966153).
 
Choi, B.; Zhang, Q.; Guo, H.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory; Thomson, M., "Soot surface growth obliteration and fragmentation modelling in a laminar ethylene diffusion flame", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2008 Spring Technical Meeting (Toronto, ON, May 11-14), 2008.
 
Vena, Patrizio; Deschamps, B.; Smallwood, Gregory; Johnson, M., "OH/CH2O/3-Pentanone PLIF applied to a stratified isooctane/air turbulent flame front", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2008 Spring Technical Meeting (Toronto, ON, May 11-14), 2008.
 
Gujarathi, Ritesh C.; Kumar, Virendra; Shimpi, Shirish A.; Bachalo, William D.; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Assessment of a laser-induced incandescence sensor for real-time particulate emissions measurement", The 18th CRC On-Road Vehicle Emissions Workshop: San Diego, California: March 31 - April 2, 2008, Proceedings of the 18th CRC On-Road Vehicle Emissions Workshop, 2008, 2008.
 
Zhang, Q.; Guo, H.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory; Thomson, M., "Modeling of soot aggregate formation in a laminar ethylene/air coflow diffusion flame with detailed PAH chemistry and an advanced sectional aerosol dynamics model", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2008 Spring Technical Meeting (Toronto, ON, May 11-14), 2008.
 
Guo, H.; Thomson, Kevin; Smallwood, Gregory, "The effect of CO addition on soot formation in a laminar ethylene/air coflow diffusion flame", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2008 Spring Technical Meeting (Toronto, ON, May 11-14), 2008.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "Study of heat conduction between fractal aggregates and the surrounding gas in the transition regime using the DSMC method", 40th Thermophysics Conference. Session 85- TP-5: Direct Simulation Monte Carlo Methods (Seattle, WA, June 23-26, 2008), p. 1-10, 2008.
 
Emissions measurement and testing 2008", SAE 2008 World Congress, 'Emissions Measurement and Testing' session, April 14-17, 2008, Detroit, Michigan, USA (Warrendale, PA), 2008.
 
Durbin, Thomas D.; Johnson, Kent; Cocker III, David R.; Miller, J. Wayne; Maldonado, Hector; Shah, Atul; Ensfield, Carl; Weaver, Chris; Akard, Mike; Harvey, Neal; Symon, James; Lanni, Thomas; Bachalo, William D.; Payne, Greg; Smallwood, Greg; Linke, Manfred, "Evaluation and comparison of portable emissions measurement systems and federal reference methods for emissions from a back-up generator and a diesel ruck operated on a chassis dynamometer", Environmental Science & Technology, 41 (17), 2007, (http://doi.org/10.1021/es0622251).
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory, "Numerical modeling of soot formation in an axisymmetric two-dimensional laminar ethylene/air coflow diffusion flame", 5th International Conference on Computational Heat and Mass Transfer (ICCHMT) (Canmore, Alberta, Canada, June 18-22, 2007), p. 1-6, 2007.
 
Coderre, Adam; Snelling, David; Smallwood, Gregory; Johnson, M., "Measuring optical properties of cooled post-flame soot", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2007 Spring Technical Meeting (Banff, AB, May 13-16), 2007.
 
Boulanger, Joan; Liu, Fengshan; Neill, W. Stuart; Smallwood, Gregory J., "An improved soot formation model for 3D diesel engine simulations", Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 129 (3), 2007, (http://doi.org/10.1115/1.2718234).
 
Daun, K. J.; Stagg, B. J.; Liu, F.; Smallwood, G. J.; Snelling, D. R., "Determining aerosol particle size distributions using time-resolved laser-induced incandescence", Applied physics. B, Lasers and optics, 87 (2), 2007, (http://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-007-2585-y).
 
Boulanger, Joan; Neill, W. Stuart; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Investigating renewable fuel combustion I: comparative simulations of a diesel engine fuelled with n-c12 alkane and n-c18 fatty acid-derived liquid-property fuel", International Journal of Environmental Studies, 64 (4), 2007, (http://doi.org/10.1080/00207230701381950).
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory J., "The effect of CO addition on extinction limits and NOx formation in lean counterflow CH4/air premixed flames", Combustion Theory and Modelling, 11 (5), 2007, (http://doi.org/10.1080/13647830701203996).
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory J., "A numerical investigation on NOx formation in counterflow n-heptane triple flames", International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 46 , 2007, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2006.11.002).
 
Daun, K. J.; Mercier, P. H.; Smallwood, G. J.; Liu, F.; Le Page, Y., "Measurement of thermal accommodation coefficients using laser-induced incandescence", 2007 ASME-JSME Thermal Engineering Summer Heat Transfer Conference (Vancouver, BC, July 8-12, 2007), 2007.
 
Guo, H.; Neill, Stuart; Smallwood, Gregory, "Effect of reformate gas enrichment on temperature and NO formation in strained CH4/air diffusion flames", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2007 Spring Technical Meeting (Banff, AB, May 13-16), 2007.
 
Vena, Patrizio; Deschamps, B.; Smallwood, Gregory; Johnson, M., "Mixture fraction gradient effects on heat release in partially premixed combustion", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2007 Spring Technical Meeting (Banff, AB, May 13-16), 2007.
 
Canteenwalla, P.; Thomson, Kevin; Smallwood, Gregory; Johnson, M., "Soot emissions from turblent diffusion flames burning simple alkane fuels", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2007 Spring Technical Meeting (Banff, AB, May 13-16), 2007.
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory J., "The interaction between soot and NO formation in a laminar axisymmetric coflow ethylene/air diffusion flame", Combustion and Flame, 149 , 2007, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2006.11.006).
 
Smallwood, Gregory J., "Advances in nanoparticle characterization", Proceedings of the International Energy Agency XXIX Task Leaders Meeting on Energy Conservation and Emissions Reduction in Combustion 2007, 2007.
 
Smallwood, Gregory J.; Snelling, David R., "Determining the mean aggregate size of soot particles with the combination of light scattering and two-colour time-resolved LII", 2007
 
Tian, Kuo; Liu, Fengshan; Yang, Min; Thomson, Kevin A.; Snelling, David R.; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Numerical simulation aided relative optical density analysis of TEM images for soot morphology determnation", Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 31 (1), 2007, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2006.07.064).
 
Liu, F.; Daun, K. J.; Beyer, V.; Smallwood, G. J.; Greenhalgh, D. A., "Some theoretical considerations in modeling laser-induced incandescence at low pressures", Applied physics. B, Lasers and optics, 87 (1), 2007, (http://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-006-2514-5).
 
Cintosun, E.; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Gülder, Ömer L., "Flame surface fractal characteristics in premixed turbulent combusion at high turbulence intensities", AIAA Journal, 45 (11), 2007, (http://doi.org/10.2514/1.29533).
 
Gulder, Ömer L.; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Flame surface densities in premixed combustion at medium to high turbulence intensities", Combustion Science and Technology, 179 , 2007, (http://doi.org/10.1080/00102200600808722).
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "Experimental observation on the structure and sooting characteristics of laminar CH4 and C2H4 double diffusion flames", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2007 Spring Technical Meeting (Banff, AB, May 13-16), 2007.
 
Daun, K.; Smallwood, Gregory; Liu, Fengshan, "Investigation of thermal accommodation using laser-induced incandescence", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2007 Spring Technical Meeting (Banff, AB, May 13-16), 2007.
 
Zhang, A. Q.; Thomson, M. J.; Guo, Hongsheng; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "Development of a parallel CFD code for modeling steady laminar axisymmetric non-premixed co-flow flames with soot", 2007 Combustion Institute/Canadian Section (CI/CS) Spring Technical Meeting. Session G: Fires and Flames (Numerical Studies) (Banff, AB, May 13-16, 2007), p. 1-6, 2007.
 
Emissions measurement and testing 2007", SAE 2007 World Congress, April 16-19, 2007, Detroit, Michigan, USA (Warrendale, PA), 2007.
 
Trottier, S.; Guo, H.; Smallwood, G. J.; Johnson, M .R., "Measurement and modeling of the sooting propensity of binary fuel mixtures", Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 31 (1), 2006, (http://doi.org/10.10106/j.proci.2006.07.229).
 
Thomson, K. A.; Snelling, D. R.; Smallwood, G. J.; Liu, F., "Laser induced incandescence measurements of soot volume fraction and effective particle size in a laminar co-annular non-premized methane/air flame at pressures between 0.5-4.0 MPa", Applied Physics B Lasers and Optics, 83 (3), 2006, (http://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-006-2198-x).
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Structure and soot formation characteristics of a double coflow methane diffusion flame", Proceedings of the 9th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference. Session 81: Transport Processes Associated with Combustion and Fire Systems (San Francisco, CA, USA, June 5-8, 2006), p. 1175-1186, 2006.
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory, "Soot and NO formation in a laminar axisymmetric coflow ethylene/air diffusion flame", Proceedings of 2006 Spring Technical Meeting of the Combustion Institute, Canadian Section (Waterloo, ON, May, 2006), p. 1-6, 2006.
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Neill, W.; Smallwood, Gregory J., "A numerical investigation of NOx formation in counterflow CH4/H2/air diffusion flames", Proceedings of IMECE2006, 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition (Chicago, IL, November 5-10, 2006), p. 1-7, 2006.
 
Vena, Patrizio; Deschamps, Beatrice; Smallwood, Gregory; Johnson, M. R., "The effect of mixture fraction gradients in partially premixed combustion", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2006 Spring Technical Meeting (Waterloo, ON, May 14-17, 2006), p. 1-6, 2006.
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Flammability Limit and NOx formation of fuel enriched lean premixed flames", International Energy Agency XXVIII Task Leaders Meeting on Energy Conservation and Emissions Reduction in Combustion (Heidelberg, Germany, August 13-16, 2006), p. 1-7, 2006.
 
Boulanger, Joan; Liu, Fengshan; Neill, W. Stuart; Smallwood, Gregory J., "An improved phenomenologial soot formation sub-model for 3-D diesel engine simulations: extension to agglomeration of particles into clusters", Proceedings of ICEF2006, ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division 2006 Fall Technical Conference: Sacramento, CA, USA, November 5-8, 2006, ASME Conference Proceedings, p. 233-244, 2006, (http://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2006-1586).
 
Schulz, C.; Kock, B. F.; Hofmann, M.; Michelsen, H.; Will, S.; Bougie, B.; Suntz, R.; Smallwood, G., "Laser-induced incandescence: recent trends and current questions", Applied Physics B, 83 (3), 2006, (http://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-006-2260-8).
 
Liu, F.; Thomson, K. A.; Smallwood, G. J., "Effects of soot absorption and scattering on LII intensities in a laminar coflow ethylene/air diffusion flame", International Discussion Meeting and Workshop 2006: Laser-induced Incandescence, Quantitative interpretation, modelling, application (Bad Herrenalb, Germany, August 2-4, 2006), p. 27-27, 2006.
 
Daun, K. J.; Beale, S. B.; Liu, F.; Smallwood, G. J., "Radiation heat transfer in planar SOFC electrolytes", Journal of Power Sources, 157 , 2006, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.07.045).
 
Liu, Fengshan; Ju, Y.; Qin, X.; Smallwood, Gregory, "An updated detailed mechanism for dimethyl ether combustion", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2006 Spring Technical Meeting (Waterloo, ON, May 14-17, 2006), p. 1-6, 2006.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Thomson, Kevin A.; Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Numerical and experimental study of an axisymmetric coflow laminar methane-air diffusion flame at pressures between 5 and 40 atmospheres", Combustion and Flame, 146 (3), 2006, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2006.04.018).
 
Tian, Kuo; Thomson, Kevin A.; Liu, Fengshan; Snelling, David R.; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Wang, Dashan, "Determination of the morphology of soot aggregates using the relative optical density method for the analysis of TEM images", Combustion and Flame, 144 (4), 2006, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2005.06.017).
 
Daun, Kyle J.; Thomson, Kevin A.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Greg J., "Deconvolution of axisymmetric flame properties using Tikhonov regularization", Applied Optics, 45 (19), 2006, (http://doi.org/10.1364/AO.45.004638).
 
Liu, F.; Daun, K. J.; Snelling, D. R.; Smallwood, G. J., "Heat conduction from a spherical nano-particle: status of modeling heat conduction in laser-induced incandescence", Applied physics. B, Lasers and optics, 83 (3), 2006, (http://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-006-2194-1).
 
Huai, T.; Smallwood, Greg J.; Ayala, A.; Bachalo, W.; Payne, Greg; Witze, Peter O.; Johnson, Kent; Durbin, Tom; Chernich, Donald J.; Maldonado, Hector, "Comparison of particulate matter emission measurements by laser-induced incandescence to the gravimetric procedure", 16th CRC On Roads Vehicle Emissions Workshop (San Diego, California, March 28-30, 2006), Proceedings of the 16th CRC On-Road Vehicle Emissions Workshop on CD-ROM, 2006.
 
Daun, K. J.; Liu, F.; Smallwood, G. J.; Stagg, B. J.; Snelling, D. R., "Inverse analysis of time-resolved LII data", International Discussion Meeting and Workshop 2006: Laser-induced Incandescence, Quantitative interpretation, modelling, application (Bad Herrenalb, DE, August 2-4, 2006), International Discussion Meeting and Workshop 2006: Laser-induced Incandescence, Quantitative interpretation, modelling, application, p. 10-10, 2006.
 
Thomson, K. A.; Snelling, D. R.; Smallwood, G. J., "Absolute intensity calibration of LII detectors", International Discussion Meeting and Workshop 2006: Laser-induced Incandescence, Quantitative interpretation, modelling, application (Bad Herrenalb, Germany, August 2-4, 2006), International Discussion Meeting and Workshop 2006: Laser-induced Incandescence, Quantitative interpretation, modelling, application, p. 29-29, 2006.
 
Guo, H.; Smallwood, Gregory, "Proceedings of 2006 Spring Technical Meeting of the Combustion Institute/Canadian Section", 2006.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Thomson, Kevin A.; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Experimental investigation of oxygen addition to fuel on soot formation in laminar coflow diffusion flames of ethylene and propane", 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (Chicago, IL, November 5-10, 2006), Proceedings of the IMECE2006, p. 119-125, 2006.
 
Boulanger, Joan; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "Buoyancy-driven structures on jet diffusion flames", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2006 Spring Technical Meeting (Waterloo, ON, May 14-17, 2006), p. 1-6, 2006.
 
Canteenwalla, P. M.; Thomson, Kevin; Smallwood, Gregory; Johnson, M. R., "Sampling of soot emitted from lab-scale flares", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2006 Spring Technical Meeting (Waterloo, ON, May 14-17, 2006), p. 1-6, 2006.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Snelling, David R.; Smallwood, Gregory J., "A critical evaluation of the thermal accommodation coefficient of soot determined by the laser-induced incandescence technique", The 13th International Heat Transfer Conference: Sydney, Australia: August 13-18, 2006, Proceedings of the 13th International Heat Transfer Conference, 2006, 2006.
 
Liu, F.; Daun, K. J.; Smallwood, G. J., "Theoretical considerations in modeling LII at low pressures", Proceedings of the International Discussion Meeting and Workshop 2006, 2006.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Stagg, Barry J.; Snelling, David R.; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Effects of primary soot particle size distribution on the temperature of soot particles heated by a nanosecond pulsed laser in an atmospheric laminar diffusion flame", International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 49 , 2006, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2005.07.041).
 
Liu, F.; Yang, M.; Hill, F. A.; Snelling, D. R.; Smallwood, G. J., "Influence of polydisperse distributions of both primary particle and aggregate size on soot temperature in low-fluence LII", Applied physics. B, Lasers and optics, 83 (3), 2006, (http://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-006-2196-z).
 
Boulanger, Joan; Liu, Fengshan; Neill, W. Stuart; Smallwood, Gregory, "DNS ignition of oxygenated and conventional hydrocarbon fuels in a non-homogeneous turbulent field with high dissipation rate", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2006 Spring Technical Meeting (Waterloo, ON, May 14-17, 2006), p. 1-6, 2006.
 
Daun, Kyle J.; Stagg, B. J.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory; Snelling, David, "Determining aerosol particle size distributions using time-resolved laser-induced incandescence", 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Session: HT-14 B Symposium in Honor of Prof. Suhas Patankar: Advances in Computational Heat Transfer IV (Chicago, IL, November 5-10, 2006), Proceedings of the ASME Heat and Transfer Division, p. 405-414, 2006.
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Flammability Limits and NOx formation of reformate gas enriched lean counterflow CH4/air premixed flames", Canadian Section 2005 Spring Technical Meeting (Halifax, NS, May 15-18, 2005), 2005.
 
Snelling, D. R; Smallwood, G. J.; Liu, F.; Gulder, O. L.; Bachalo, W. D., "An LII technique independent of ex-situ calibration by detecting absolute light intensity", Proceedings of the International Bunsen Discussion Meeting 2005., 2005.
 
Tian, K.; Snelling, David; Smallwood, Gregory, "Application of arc-lamp based TLAF technique to temperature measurement in a laminar CH4/air diffusion flame", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2005 Spring Technical Meeting (Halifax, NS, May 15-18, 2005), p. 1-5, 2005.
 
Thomson, Kevin A.; Gülder, Ömer L.; Weckman, Elizabeth J.; Fraser, Roydon A.; Smallwood, Greg J.; Snelling, Dave R., "Soot concentration and temperature measurements in co-annular, nonpremixed CH4/air laminar flames at pressures up to 4 MPa", Combustion and Flame, 140 (3), 2005, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2004.11.012).
 
Smallwood, Gregory, "Advances in diagnostics for the study of soot formation", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2005 Spring Technical Meeting (Halifax, NS, May 15-18, 2005), p. 1-1, 2005.
 
Guo, H.; Smallwood, Gregory, "A Numerical Study on Reformate Gas Enriched Lean Premixed CH4/Air Combustion", Fourth NRC CFD symposium on Computational Fluid Dynamics, High Performance Computing and Virtual Reality, 2005.
 
Guo, H.; Smallwood, Gregory, "A numerical study on NO formation in counterflow n-heptane triple flames", Proceedings of the 20th International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosion and Reactive Systems (ICDERS) (Montreal, QC, August), 2005.
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Neill, Stuart W.; Smallwood, Gregory J., "A numerical study on the effect of water addition on NO formation in counterflow CH₄/air premixed flames", ASME 2005 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference (ICEF2005) (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, September 11-14, 2005), Proceedings of ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division 2005 Fall Technical Conference, p. 383-391, 2005, (http://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2005-1299).
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Snelling, David R., "Effects of primary particle diameter and aggregate size distribution on the temperature of soot particles heated by pulsed lasers", Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer, 93 , 2005, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.08.027).
 
Liu, F.; Yang, M.; Hill, F. A.; Smallwood, G. J.; Snelling, D. R., "Influence of polydisperse distributions of both primary particle and aggregate sizes on soot temperature in low-fluence laser-induced incandescence", Proceedings of the International Bunsen Discussion Meeting 2005., 2005.
 
Tian, Kuo; Thomson, Kevin; Liu, Fengshan; Yang, M.; Snelling, David; Smallwood, Gregory; Wang, D., "Relative optical density analysis on TEM images for morphology determination of flame generated soot", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2005 Spring Technical Meeting (Halifax, NS, May 15-18, 2005), p. 1-6, 2005.
 
Liu, F.; Snelling, D. R.; Smallwood, G. J., "A critical evaluation of the thermal accommodation coefficient of soot determined by the laser-induced incandescence technique", International Bunsen Discussion Meeting 2005: Laser-Induced Incandescence, Quantitative interpretation, modelling, application: Duisburg, Germany: September 26-28, 2005, Proceedings of the International Bunsen Discussion Meeting 2005, p. 35-35, 2005.
 
Daun, K. J.; Beale, Steven; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "Radiation heat transfer in SOFC electrolytes", 2005 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference (San Francisco, CA, July 17-22, 2005), Proceedings of the ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, p. 183-191, 2005.
 
Daun, K. J.; Thomson, K. A.; Liu, F.; Smallwood, G. J., "Solution of Abel's integral equation using Tikhonov regularization", IMECE2005, 2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (Orlando, FL, November 5-11, 2005), p. 1-8, 2005.
 
Gulder, Omer L.; Thomson, Kevin A.; Weckman, Elizabeth J.; Fraser, Roydon A.; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Snelling, David R., "Influence of Pressure on Soot Formation in Laminar Diffusion Flames of Methane-Air up to 40 bar", 43rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting (Reno, NV, January 10-13, 2005), p. 1-10, 2005.
 
Guo, H.; Smallwood, Gregory; Galizzi, C.; Escudié, C., "A numerical study on a V-shaped laminar stratified flame, Paper No. IMECE2005-79607", Proceedings of IMECE2005, 2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (Orlando, FL, November 5-11), 2005.
 
Snelling, David R.; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Liu, Fengshan; Gülder, Ömer L.; Bachalo, William D., "A calibration-independent laser-induced incandescence technique for soot measurement by detecting absolute light intensity", Applied Optics, 44 (31), 2005, (http://doi.org/10.1364/AO.44.006773).
 
Guo, H.; Smallwood, Gregory; Liu, Fengshan; Ju, Y.; Gulder, O., "The effect of hydrogen addition on flammability limit and NOx emission in ultra-lean counterflow CH4/air premixed flames", Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 30 , 2005, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2004.08.177).
 
Guo, H.; Smallwood, Gregory, "The effect of CO addition on extinction limits and NOx formation in lean counterflow CH4/air premixed flames", Proceedings of the Fourth Mediterranean Combustion Symposium (Lisbon, Portugal, October 6-10), 2005.
 
Thomson, K. A.; Snelling, D. R.; Smallwood, G. J.; Liu, F., "Laser-induced incandescence measurements in a laminar co-annular non-premixed methane/air flame at a pressure of 0.5 - 4.0 MPa", International Bunsen Discussion Meeting 2005: Laser-Induced Incandescence, Quantitative Interpretation, Modelling, Application (Duisburg, Germany, September 26-28, 2005), Proceedings of the International Bunsen Discussion Meeting 2005, p. 20-20, 2005.
 
Diesel fuel injection and sprays 2005", SAE 2005 World Congress, April 11-14, 2005, Detroit, Michigan, USA (Warrendale, PA), 2005.
 
Guo, H.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "A numerical study of the influence of hydrogen addition on soot formation in a laminar counterflow ethylene/oxygen/nitrogen diffusion flame", Proceedings of IMECE2004, 2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and RD&D Expo (Anaheim, CA, November 13-19), 2004.
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Guo, H.; Liu, Fengshan, "A Numerical Study of Laminar Methane/Air Triple Flames in Two Dimensional Mixing Layers", Work, 2004.
 
Tian, Kuo; Liu, Fengshan; Thomson, Kevin A.; Snelling, Dave R.; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Wang, Dashan, "Distribution of the number of primary particles of soot aggregates in a nonpremixed laminar flame", Combustion and Flame, 138 , 2004, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2004.04.008).
 
Smallwood, G. J.; Guo, H.; Liu, F., "A numerical study on the flame propagation of laminar methane/air triple flames", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2004 Spring Technical Meeting (Kingston, Ontario, May 9-12, 2004), Proceedings of 2004 Spring Technical Meeting of the Combustion Institute/Canadian Section, p. 2004.5-2004.5, 2004.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory J.; El Hafi, Mouna, "Effects of gas and soot radiation on soot formation in counterflow ethylene diffusion flames", Eurotherm Seminar 73 - Computational Thermal Radiation in Participating Media :Mons, Belgium, 15 to 17 April, 2003, Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing Newsletter, IEEE, p. 501-511, 2004, (http://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-4073(03)00267-X).
 
Snelling, David R.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Gülder, Ömer L., "Determination of the soot absorption function and thermal accommodation coefficient using low-fluence LII in a laminar coflow ethylene diffusion flame", Combustion and Flame, 136 , 2004, (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2003.09.013).
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Guo, H.; Liu, Fengshan, "A Numerical Study on NOx Formation in Laminar Counterflow CH4/Air Triple Flames", Thirtieth International Symposium on Combustion : University of Illinois at Chicago, USA, July 25-30, 2004, Thirtieth International Symposium on Combustion, 2004.
 
Johnson, M.; Trottier, S.; Smallwood, Gregory; Guo, H., "Soot Formation in Diffusion Flames of Methane-Propane Mixtures", Work, 2004.
 
Bachalo, William D.; Graskow, Brian R.; Hubbard, Gary L.; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Witze, Peter O., "On-board, time-resolved diesel particulate measurements by laser-induced incandescence", The 14th CRC On-Road Vehicle Emissions Workshop: San Diego, California: March 29-31, 2004, Proceedings of the 14th CRC On-Road Vehicle Emissions Workshop, 2004, 2004.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Thomson, Kevin; Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory, "Numerical modeling of a laminar axisymmetric coflow methane/air flame at pressures between 5 and 20 atm", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2004 Spring Technical Meeting (Kingston, ON, May 9-12, 2004), p. 1-6, 2004.
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Liu, Fengshan; Thomson, Kevin; Guo, H., "Numerical Modelling of a Laminar Axisymmetric Coflow Methane/Air Diffusion Flame at Pressures Between 5 and 20 ATM", , Proceedings of 2004 Spring Technical Meeting of the Combustion Institute/Canadian Section, 2004.
 
Snelling, David; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, Omer L.; Liu, Fengshan, "Small particle analysis by laser induced incandescence", Patent US 6,809,820 B2 CA 2477390, 2004.
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "Soot and NO formation in counterflow ethylene/oxygen/nitrogen diffusion flames", Combustion Theory and Modelling, 8 (3), 2004, (http://doi.org/10.1088/1364-7830/8/3/003).
 
Gülder, Ömer; Guo, H.; Smallwood, Gregory; Liu, Fengshan, "Effect of Hydrogen Enrichment on Flammability Limit and NOx Emission in Ultra-lean Counterflow CH4/air Premixed Flames", Florida Workshorp on Lean Premixed Flame Combustion, 2004.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "An efficient approach for the implementation of the SNB based correlated-k method and its evaluation", Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing Newsletter, IEEE, 84 , 2004, (http://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-4073(03)00263-2).
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Gülder, Ömer; Guo, H.; Liu, Fengshan, "Hydrogen Enriched Lean-Premixed Flames", workshop on Chemical Kinetics & Diffusion Processes in Reacting Flows, 2004.
 
Trottier, S.; Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory; Johnson, M. R., "Measurement and modeling of soot formation in binary fuel mixtures", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2004 Spring Technical Meeting (Kingston, ON, May 9-12, 2004), p. 1-6, 2004.
 
Yang, M.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Application of the direct simulation Monte Carlo method to nanoscale heat transfer between a soot particle and the surrounding gas", 12th Annual Conference of the CFD Society of Canada (Ottawa, ON, May 9-11, 2004), 2004.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Yang, Min; Smallwood, Gregory; Zhang, Hongmei, "Evaluation of the SNB based full-spectrum CK method for thermal radiation calculations in CO2-H2O mixtures", Fourth International Symposium on Radiative Transfer (Istanbul, Turkey, June 20-25, 2004), p. 1-10, 2004.
 
Thomson, Kevin; Gulder, Omer L.; Weckman, E.; Fraser, R.; Smallwood, Gregory; Snelling, David, "Soot concentration profiles in a non-premixed methane laminar flame at high pressures", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2004 Spring Technical Meeting (Kingston, ON, May 9-12, 2004), p. 1-6, 2004.
 
Diesel fuel injection and sprays 2004", SAE 2004 World Congress, March 8-11, 2004, Detroit, Michigan, USA (Warrendale, PA), 2004.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Numerical modelling of a laminar axisymmetric coflow methane/air diffusion flame at elevated pressures", 3rd NRC CFD Symposium on Computational Fluid Dynamics, High Performance Computing and Virtual Reality : December 4, 2003, 3rd NRC CFD symposium on Computational Fluid Dynamics, High Performance Computing and Virtual Reality, p. 1-8, 2003.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Guo, H.; Smallwood, Gregory, "The chemical effect of CO2 replacement of N2 in air on the burning velocity of CH4 and H2 premixed flames", Combustion and Flame, 133 (4), 2003, (http://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-2180(03)00019-1).
 
Smallwood, Gregory J.; Bachalo, William D.; Sankar, Subramanian V., "Particulate measurement methods", Optical metrology for fluids combustion and solids, 2003, p. 221-257.
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Liu, Fengshan; Yang, M.; Guo, H., "Numerical Study of Oxygen and Fuel Leakage in Laminar Counterflow CH4-, C2H4-, C3H8-, and CO/H2-Air Diffusion Flames", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2003 Spring Technical Meeting: May 11-14, 2003, University of British-Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Proceedings of 2003 Spring Technical Meeting of the Combustion Institute/Canadian Section, p. 27.1-27.6, 2003.
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Matovic, Darko, "Numerical simulation of NOx formation in a model gas turbine combustor", American Flame Research Committee. Spring MeetingAmerican Flame Research Committee 2002 Spring Meeting: Fuel Selection Issues for Industrial Combustion Processes (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, May 8-10, 2002), American Flame Research Committee. Spring MeetingAmerican Flame Research Committee 2002 Spring Meeting, p. 1-11, 2003.
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J., "The application of CFD to the study of stratified combustion", 3rd NRC CFD Symposium on Computational Fluid Dynamics, High Performance Computing and Virtual Reality : Ottawa, Ontario, Dec.04, 2003, Proceedings of 3rd NRC CFD Symposium on Computational Fluid Dynamics, 2003.
 
Guo, H.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "Soot and NO formation in counterflow ethylene/oxygen/nitrogen diffusion flames", 19th International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosion and Reactive Systems : Hakone, JP, July 27 - August 1 2006, Proceedings of the 19th International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosion and Reactive Systems, 2003.
 
Thomson, K.; Gulder, O.; Weckman, E.; Fraser, R.; Smallwood, G., "Preliminary characterization of a high pressure laminar diffusion flame combustion facility", Canadian Section, Spring Technical Meeting (Vancouver, BC, May 11-14), 2003.
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J., "A numerical study on the structures and NO emission of counterflow CH4/air triple flames", Combustion Institute. Canadian Section 2003 Spring Technical Meeting : Vancouver, BC, May 11-14, 2003, p. 3.1-3.6, 2003.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory J; Gülder, Ömer L., "Numerical modelling of soot formation and oxidation in laminar coflow non-smoking and smoking ethylene diffusion flames", Combustion Theory and Modelling, 7 (2), 2003, (http://doi.org/10.1088/1364-7830/7/2/305).
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "Numerical investigation of a methane/air triple flame", 3rd International Conference on Computational Heat and Mass Transfer (Banff, AB, May 26-30, 2003), p. 1-10, 2003.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, Omer L., "An accurate efficient and flexible SNBCK-based unified band model for calculations of spectrally resolved and integrated quantities in participating media containing real gases", 12th International Heat Transfer Conference. Heat Transfer 2000. (Grenoble, France, August 18-23, 2002), Proceedings of the 12th International Heat Transfer Conference, p. 663-668, 2002.
 
Guo, H.; Liu, F.; Smallwood, G.; Gulder, O., "The influence of transport properties of inert diluents on soot formation in a coflow laminar ethylene-air diffusion flame", Combustion Institute - Canadian Section, 2002 Spring Technical Meeting (Windsor, ON, May 13-15, 2002), p. 4.1-4.6, 2002.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory, "The chemical effect of CO2 replacement of N2 in air on the burning velocity and structure of methane premixed flames", Canadian Section, 2002 Spring Technical Meeting : Windsor, ON, May 2002, p. 33.1-33.6, 2002.
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, Omer L, "The flame preheating effect on numerical modelling of soot formation in a two-dimensional laminar ethylene-air diffusion flame", Combustion Theory and Modelling, 6 (2), 2002, (http://doi.org/10.1088/1364-7830/6/2/301).
 
Snelling, David; Thomson, Kevin; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, O.; Weckman, E.; Fraser, R., "Spectrally resolved measurement of flame radiation to determine soot temperature and concentration", AIAA Journal, 40 (9), 2002.
 
Gülder, Ömer; Guo, H.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "Numerical Investigation of the Influence of Hydrogen and Helium Addition on Soot Formation in Laminar Ethylene-Air Diffusion Flames", Work-In-Progress Poster, Twenty-Ninth International Symposium on Combustion, 2002
 
Liu, Fengshan; Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Gulder, Omer L.; Matovic, M., "A robust and accurate algorithm of the β-pdf integration and its application to turbulent methane–air diffusion combustion in a gas turbine combustor simulator", International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 41 (8), 2002, (http://doi.org/10.1016/S1290-0729(02)01370-4).
 
Neill, W. Stuart; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Snelling, David R.; Sawchuk, Robert A.; Clavel, Dan; Gareau, Daniel; Chippior, Wallace L., "Effect of EGR on heavy-duty diesel engine emissions characterized with laser-induced incandescence", ASME 2002 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference (ICEF 2002) (New Orleans, LA, September 8–11, 2002), ASME Conference Proceedings. Design, Application, Performance and Emissions of Modern Internal Combustion Engine Systems and Components, p. 489-497, 2002, (http://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2002-532).
 
Neill, W. S.; Smallwood, Gregory; Chippior, Wallace, "Cleaner diesel fuels", Client report, 2002.
 
Gülder, Ömer; Liu, Fengshan; Guo, H.; Thomson, Kevin; Smallwood, Gregory, "Numerical Modelling of Soot Formation and Oxidation in Laminar Coflow Non-Smoking and Smoking Ethylene Diffusion Flames", Work-In-Progress Poster, Twenty-Ninth International Symposium on Combustion, 2002
 
Brière, Paul; Gilbert, Bruno; Smallwood, Gregory J.; St-Onge, Michel; Stark, Douglas; Papke, Norm, "Liquid pyrophoric technology for sub-scale aerial targets", Proceedings of 29th International Pyrotechnics Seminar. Session: Propellants-III/Pyrotechnics-II (Westminster, CO, USA, July 14-19, 2002), 2002.
 
Guo, H.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, O., "A numerical study of the influence of transport properties of inert diluents on soot formation in a coflow laminar ethylene/air diffusion flame", Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 29 , 2002.
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Liu, Fengshan; Guo, H., "Numerical Modeling of Lifted Laminar Coflow Methane Diffusion Jet Flames Using Detailed Chemistry and Non-grey Gas Radiation Models", , Proceedings of ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, 2002.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Guo, H.; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, O., "Numerical study of the superadiabatic flame temperature phenomenon in hydrocarbon premixed flames", Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 29 , 2002.
 
Gülder, Ömer; Liu, Fengshan; Guo, H.; Smallwood, Gregory, "An accurate efficient and flexible SNBCK based unified band model for calculations of spectrally resolved and integrated quantities in participating media containing mixtures of real-gases and particulates", , Proceedings of the 12th International Heat Transfer Conference, 2002.
 
Matovic, D.; Guo, H.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "Numerical Simulation of NOx Emission in a Model Gas Turbulent Combustor", AFRC 2002 Spring Meeting, 2002.
 
Bachalo, William D.; Sankar, Subramanian V.; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Snelling, David R., "Development of the laser-induced incandescence method for the reliable characterization of particulate emissions", Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics 2002., 2002.
 
Diesel fuel injection and sprays 2002", SAE 2002 World Congress, March 4-7, 2002, Detroit, Michigan, USA (Warrendale, PA), 2002.
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, O., "Numerical investigation of the influence of hydrogen and helium addition on soot formation in laminar ethylene-air diffusion flames", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2001 Spring Technical Meeting: Montrea, QC, May 13-16, 2001, p. 1-6, 2001.
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Liu, Fengshan; Campbell, Ian; Snelling, David; Gulder, O. L., "Combustion of pyrothoric fuels", Client report, 2001.
 
Gülder, Ömer; Liu, Fengshan; Guo, H.; Smallwood, Gregory, "Numerical Modelling of Soot Formation in Laminar Coflow Smoking and Non-Smoking Ethylene Diffusion Flames", , Proceedings of The Third Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, p. 364-367, 2001.
 
Gülder, Ömer; Liu, Fengshan; Guo, H.; Smallwood, Gregory, "Numerical Investigation of the Effects of O2 Addition to Fuel on Soot Formation in Coflow Laminar C2H4/Air Diffusion Flames", , Proceedings of 2001 Spring Technical Meeting of the Combustion Institute/Canadian Section, p. 5.1 - 5.6-5.1 - 5.6, 2001.
 
Snelling, David R.; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Gülder, Ömer L.; Liu, Fengshan, "A calibration-independent technique of measuring soot by laser-indued incandescence using absolute light intensity", Second Joint Meeting of the US Sections of the Combustion Institute (Oakland, CA, March 25-28, 2001), 2001.
 
Guo, Hongsheng; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Gülder, Ömer L., "Numerical modeling of a two dimensional axisymmetric laminar ethylene-air diffusion flame", Proceedings of ASME NHTC'01, 35th National Heat Transfer Conference: June 10-12, 2001 (Anaheim, CA, USA), ASME Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, p. 869-877, 2001.
 
Gulder, O.; Liu, Fengshan; Guo, H.; Smallwood, Gregory, "The Role of Radiation Heat Transfer in Laminar Sooting Flame Modelling", 2nd NRC CFD symposium on Computational Fluid Dynamics, High Performance Computing and Virtual Reality, 2001.
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Liu, Fengshan; Campbell, Ian; Snelling, David; Gulder, O. L., "Combustion of pyrothoric fuels", Client report, 2001.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Guo, H.; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, O., "The chemical effects of carbon dioxide as an additive in an ethylene diffusion flame: implications for soot and NOx formation", Combustion and Flame, 125 , 2001, (http://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-2180(00)00241-8).
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Snelling, David; Gulder, Omer L.; Clavel, Daniel; Gareau, Daniel; Sawchuk, Robert A.; Graham, Lisa, "Transient particulate matter measurements from the exhaust of a direct injection spark ignition automobile", SAE international journal of fuels and lubricants, 110 , 2001.
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Bachalo, W.; Snelling, David; Clavel, Daniel; Gareau, Daniel; Sawchuk, Robert; Gulder, O. L., "Surface area feasibility study", Client report, 2001.
 
Gulder, O.; Guo, H.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory, "Numerical Modelling of Laminar and Turbulent Flames by Detailed Chemistry Model", 2nd NRC CFD symposium on Computational Fluid Dynamics, High Performance Computing and Virtual Reality, 2001.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, O., "Numerical investigation of the effect of O2 addition to fuel on soot formation in coflow laminar C2H4/air diffusion flames", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2001 Spring Technical Meeting (Montreal, QC, May 13-16, 2001), p. 1-6, 2001.
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Snelling, David; Liu, Fengshan; Gulder, Omar L., "Clouds over soot evaporation: errors in modeling laser-induced incandescence of soot", Journal of Heat Transfer, 123 (4), 2001, (http://doi.org/10.1115/1.1370507).
 
Smallwood, Gregory J.; Snelling, David R.; Gulder, Omer L.; Clavel, Dan; Gareau, Daniel; Sawchuk, Robert A.; Graham, Lisa, "Transient particulate matter measurements from the exhaust of a direct injection spark ignition automobile", Diesel and particulate emissions, 2001.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, O., "Application of the statistical narrow-band correlated-k method to non-grey gas radiation in CO2-H2O mixtures: approximate treatments of overlapping bands", IEEE Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing Newsletter, 68 (4), 2001, (http://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-4073(00)00033-9).
 
Diesel fuel injection and spray technology", SAE 2001 World Congress, 'Diesel Fuel Injection and Sprays' session, March 5-8, 2001, Detroit, Michigan, USA (Warrendale, PA), 2001.
 
Liu, F.; Smallwood, G. J.; Gulder, O. L., "Numerical study of breakup processes of water jet injected into a cross air flow", Eighth International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems (Pasadena, CA, July 16-20, 2000), ICLASS 2000 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, p. 67-74, 2000.
 
Gulder, Omer L.; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Do turbulent premixed flame fronts in spark-ignition engines behave like passive surfaces?", International Spring Fuelds & Lubricans Meetings & Exposition : Paris, France, June 19-22, 2000, Combustion in diesel and SI engines, p. 1-11, 2000, (http://doi.org/10.4271/2000-01-1942).
 
Guo, H.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, O., "Numerical simulation of a coflow, laminar diffusion C2H4/air flame", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2000 Spring Technical Meeting (Ottawa, ON, May 15-17), 2000.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, O., "Band lumping strategy for radiation heat transfer calculations using a narrowband model", Journal of Thermophysics, 14 (2), 2000.
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, O., "Views on the structure of transient diesel sprays", Atomization and Sprays, 10 , 2000.
 
Liu, F.; Smallwood, G. J.; Gulder, O. L., "Numerical investigation of the effects of a skimmer on the structure of dense sprays", Eighth International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems (Pasadena, CA, July 16-20, 2000), ICLASS 2000 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, p. 676-679, 2000.
 
Gulder, O.; Smallwood, Gregory; Wong, Roger; Snelling, David; Smith, Roger; Deschamps, B.; Sautet, J., "Flame front surface characteristics in turbulent premixed propane/air combustion", Combustion and Flame, 120 (4), 2000, (http://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-2180(99)00099-1).
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, Omer, "Application of the statistical narrow-band correlated-k method to low-resolution spectral intensity and radiative heat transfer calculations - effects of the quadrature scheme", International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 43 (17), 2000, (http://doi.org/10.1016/S0017-9310(99)00343-9).
 
Snelling, David R.; Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Gülder, Ömer L., "Evaluation of the nanoscale heat and mass transfer model of LII: preduction of the excitation intensity", Proceedings of NHTC'00, 34th National Heat Transfer Conference (Pittsburgh, PA, USA, August 20-22), p. 79-87, 2000.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Gülder, Ömer L., "Numerical study of the chemical effects of CO2 dilution on counterflow laminar C2H4/air diffusion flame", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 2000 Spring Technical Meeting: May 15-17, 2000 (Ottawa, ON), Proceedings of 2000 Spring Technical Meeting of the Combustion Institute/Canadian Section, p. 6.1-6.5, 2000.
 
Advances in diesel fuel injection and sprays", SAE 2000 World Congress, March 6-9, 2000, Detroit, Michigan, USA (Warrendale, PA), 2000.
 
Gülder, Ömer L.; Smallwood, Gregory J., "Do turbulent premixed flame fronts in spark-ignition engines behave like passive surfaces?", CEC/SAE Spring Fuels & Lubricants Meeting & Exhibition, 2000, Detroit, Michigan, USA, Journal of Engines, SAE Transactions SAE Technical Papers, p. 1823-1832, 2000, (http://doi.org/10.4271/2000-01-1942).
 
Gulder, O. L.; Smallwood, G. J., "Temporal structure of dense diesel sprays", 4t International ICE 99 - Internal Combustion Engines: Experiments and Modeling (Capri-Naples, September 12-16), p. 497-504, 1999.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Gulder, Omer L., "Asymptotic analysis of radiative extinction in counter-flow diffusion flames of non-unity Lewis numbers", Combustion Institute Canadian Section Spring Technical Meeting : Edmonton, AB, 17-19 May 1999, Proceedings of Combustion Institute Canadian Section Spring Technical Meeting, 1999.
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Liu, Fengshan; Campbell, Ian; Snelling, David; Gulder, Omer, "Combustion research at NRC - March", Client report, 1999.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Gülder, Ömer L., "Radiation heat transfer calculations using the SNBCK method", AIAA Thermophysics Conference, 33rd (Norfolk, VA, USA, 28 June - 1 July 1999), 1999.
 
Snelling, David R.; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Sawchuk, Robert A.; Neill, W. Stuart; Gareau, Daniel; Chippior, Wallace L.; Liu, Fengshan; Gülder, Ömer L.; Bachalo, William D., "Particulate matter measurements in a diesel engine exhaust by laser-induced incandescence and the standard gravimetric procedure", International Fall Fuels & Lubricants Meeting & Exposition, Toronto, Ontario, October 25-28, 1999, Modeling and Diagnostics in Diesel Engines, 1999, (http://doi.org/10.4271/1999-01-3653).
 
Snelling, David R.; Thomson, Kevin; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Weckman, E.; Fraser, R.; Gülder, Ömer L., "Soot surface temperature measurements in a laminar diffusion flame", The Combustion Institute, Canadian Section, 1999 Spring Technical Meeting (Edmonton, AB, May 16-19, 1999), 1999.
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Liu, Fengshan; Campbell, Ian; Snelling, David; Gulder, Omer, "Combustion research at NRC - January", Client report, 1999.
 
Snelling, David; Thomson, K. A.; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, O. L., "Improved soot volume fraction measurements with two-dimensional imaging in laminar diffusion flames", Gordon Research Conference on Laser Diagnostics in Combustion, Lucca, Italy, June 20-25, 1999, Proceedings of the Gordon Research Conference on Laser Diagnostics in Combustion, 1999, 1999.
 
Campbell, I. G.; Smallwood, G. J.; Gulder, O. L.; Snelling, D. R., "Pressure atomizer spray field velocity analysis using two-color PIV", The 12th Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, ILASS Americas, Indianapolis, Indiana, May 17-20, 1999, Proceedings. The 12th Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, ILASS Americas, 1999.
 
Snelling, David; Thomson, Kevin; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, O.; Weckman, E.; Fraser, R., "A spectral approach to measurement of soot volume fraction and surface temperature", Proceedings International Energy Agency 21st Task Leaders Meeting on Energy Conservation and Emissions Reduction in Combustion (Ohtsu, Shiga, JAPAN, 26-29 September 1999,), 1999.
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Liu, Fengshan; Campbell, Ian; Snelling, David; Gulder, Omer, "Combustion research at NRC - June", Client report, 1999.
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Liu, Fengshan; Campbell, Ian; Snelling, David; Gulder, Omer, "Combustion research at NRC - December", Client report, 1999.
 
Snelling, David R.; Thomson, Kevin A.; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Gülder, Ömer L., "Two-dimensional imaging of soot volume fraction in laminar diffusion flames", Applied Optics, 38 (12), 1999, (http://doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.002478).
 
Gulder, Omer L.; Smallwood, Gregory, "Time-resolved structure of full cone diesel sprays", IWASC98, Second International Workshop on Advanced Spray Combustion (Hiroshima, JP, November 24-26, 1998), Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Advanced Spray Combustion, p. 1-10, 1998.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Gulder, O.; Smallwood, Gregory, "Three-dimensional non-grey gas radiative transfer analyses using the statistical narrow-band model", Rev. Gén. Therm., 37 , 1998.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Gulder, O.; Smallwood, Gregory, "Evaluation of an approximate narrow-band formulation for non-grey radiative transfer calculation in three-dimensional absorbing-emitting-scattering media", AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference (Albuquerque, New Mexico, June 14-18, 1998), 1998 Proceedings of 7th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference, 1998.
 
Smallwood, G.J.; Gulder, O.L.; Snelling, D.R., "Extension of surface density measurements to high turbulence premixed flames", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 1998 Spring Technical Meeting (Toronto, ON, 24-27 May, 1998), 1998.
 
Snelling, David; Thomson, Kevin; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, O., "Soot volume fraction measurements by two-dimensional imaging of laminar diffusion flames", 20t IEA Combustion Task Leaders Meeting (Ottawa, ON, July 26-29), 1998.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Gulder, O. L.; Smallwood, Gregory, "Non-grey gas radiative transfer analyses using the statistical narrow-band model", International Journal of Heat & Mass Transfer, 41 (14), 1998, (http://doi.org/10.1016/S0017-9310(97)00267-6).
 
Snelling, David; Thomson, Kevin; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, O., "Two-dimensional imaging of soot volume fraction in laminar diffusion flames", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 1998 Spring Technical Meeting (Toronto, ON, May 24-27), 1998.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Gülder, Ömer L., "Numerical modelling of a transient axisymmetric turbulent pyrophoric jet diffusion flame", Combustion Institute, Canadian Section; 1998 Spring Technical Meeting (Toronto, ON, May, 1998), 1998.
 
Liu, Fengshan; Smallwood, Gregory; Snelling, David; Gulder, O. L., "A ray-tracing method for solving the radiative transfer equation in three-dimensional participating media", Canadian Section 1997 Spring Technical Meeting (Halifax, NS, May 1997), Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, p. 1-17-1-22, 1997.
 
Smallwood, Gregory J.; Deschamps, Beatrice M., "Flame surface density measurements with PLIF in an SI engine", Proceedings of the International Fall Fuels & Lubricants Meeting & Exposition 1996., 1996.
 
Gulder, O. L.; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Wong, R.; Snelling, D.R.; Smith, R.; Deschamps, B. M.; Sautet, J. -C., "Flame front surface characteristics in turbulent premixed propane/air combustion", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 1996 Spring Technical Meeting : Waterloo, ON, May 27-29, 1996, Proceedings of Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 1996 Spring Technical Meeting, p. 50-1-50-6, 1996.
 
Gulder, O.; Smallwood, Gregory, "Inner cutoff scale of flame surface wrinkling in turbulent premixed flames", Combustion and Flame, 103 , 1995, (http://doi.org/10.1016/0010-2180(95)00073-F).
 
Smallwood, Gregory J.; Gülder, Ö. L.; Snelling, David R.; Deschamps, B. M.; Gokalp, I., "Characterization of flame front surfaces in turbulent premixed methane/air combustion", Combustion and Flame, 101 (4), 1995, (http://doi.org/10.1016/0010-2180(94)00226-I).
 
Smallwood, G. J.; Deschamps, B. M.; Gulder, O. L.; Snelling, D. R., "Variation of flame front geometry in conical turbulent premixed methane/air flames", Combustion Institute, Canadian Section Spring Technical Meeting, Kingston, Ontario, May 11-13, 1994, Proceedings of the 1994 Spring Technical Meeting, The Combustion Institute, Canadian Section, 1994.
 
Wong, R.; Sautet, J. C.; Snelling, David; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, O. L., "2-D profiles of the flame front in turbulent premixed flames using laser induced fluorescence and laser Mie scattering", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, Spring Technical Meeting (Quebec, QC, May 9-12, 1993), p. 8-1-8-5, 1993.
 
Deschamps, Beatrice; Gulder, Omer L.; Smallwood, Gregory; Snelling, David; Bjorn, P.; Gokalp, I., "Characteristics of the turbulent premixed methane/air flame front surfaces", Spring Technical Meeting, Canadian Section (Quebec, QC, May 1993), 1993.
 
Snelling, D. R.; Sawchuk, R. A.; Smallwood, G. J.; Parameswaran, T., "An improved CARS spectgrometer for single-shot measurements in turbulent combustion", Review of Scientific Instruments, 63 (12), p.5556-5564, 1992.
 
Aval, S. M.; Gulder, O. L.; Smallwood, Gregory; Snelling, David, "Interrogation of the diesel spray structure by laser tomography and diffraction", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 1991 Spring Technical Meeting (Ottawa, ON, May 29-31, 1991), p. 136-136, 1991.
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Snelling, David, "A two-colour technique for velocity mapping in spray combustion", Combustion Institute Canadian Section, 1991 Spring Technical Meeting (Ottawa, ON, May 29-31, 1991), p. 112-115, 1991.
 
Snelling, D. R.; Smallwood, G. J.; Parameswaran, T., "Effect of detector nonlinearity and image persistence on CARS derived temperatures", Applied Optics, 28 (15), p.3233-3241, 1989.
 
Snelling, D. R.; Smallwood, G. J.; Sawchuk, R. A., "Nonlinearity and image persistence of P-20 phosphor-based intensified photodiode array detectors used in CARS spectroscopy", Applied Optics, 28 (15), p.3226-3232, 1989.
 
Snelling, D. R.; Parameswaran, T.; Smallwood, G. J., "Noise characteristics of single-shot broadband CARS signals", Applied Optics, 26 (19), p.4298-4302, 1987.
 
Snelling, D. R.; Smallwood, G. J.; Sawchuk, R. A.; Parameswaran, T., "Precision of multiplex CARS temperatures using both single-mode and multimode pump lasers", Applied Optics, 26 (1), p.99-110, 1987.
 
Snelling, David R.; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Sawchuk, R. A.; Parameswaran, T., "Nonlinearity and single shot noise problems in CARS spectroscopy", AGARD Propulsion and Energetics Panel 67th Symposium. AGARD PEP Meeting on Advanced Instrumentation for Aeroengine Components (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, 19-23 May 1986), p. 1-19, 1986.
 
Snelling, David; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, Omer, "Absolute light intensity measurements in laser induced incandescence", Patent Application 2,272,255.
 
Witze, Peter O.; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Bachalo, William D., "Feasibility of laser-induced incandescence for on-road measurements of particulate matter emissions"
 
Link, O.; Snelling, D. R.; Thomson, K. A.; Smallwood, G. J., "Multi-angle light scattering (MALS) for soot analysis : influence of aggregate polydispersivity on the structure factor"
 
Thomson, K. A.; Migliorini, Francesca; Smallwood, Gregory; Geigle, Klaus, "Investigation of soot optical properties by spectral line-of-sight attenuation"
 
Snelling, David; Smallwood, Gregory; Gulder, Omer, "Method and apparatus for applying laser induced incandescence for the determination of particulate measurements", Patent Application 2,272,758.
 
Smallwood, Gregory; Thomson, K. A.; Snelling, David; Liu, Fengshan, "Issues with applying LII to the measurement of nonvolatile particulate emissions"
 
Smallwood, Gregory, "Laser-induced incandescence of soot: a critique"
 
Snelling, D. R.; Thomson, K. A.; Link, O.; Smallwood, G. J., "Soot morphology by combined LII and elastic light scattering"
 
Link, Oliver; Snelling, David; Smallwood, Gregory, "Investigation of soot aggregate size and morphology by elastic light scattering"
 
Smallwood, Gregory, "Laser-induced incandescence (LII) - fundamentals, potential and applications"
 
Liu, Fengshan; Guo, Hongsheng; Smallwood, Gregory J.; Gulder, Omer L., "Effects of gas and soot radiation on soot formation in a coflow laminar ethylene diffusion flame", Third International Symposium on Radiative Transfer : Antalya, Turkey, June 17-22, 2001, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, p. 409-421, (http://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-4073(01)00205-9).
 
Daun, K. J.; Smallwood, G. J.; Liu, F.; Snelling, D. R., "Measuring accommodation coefficients using laser-induced incandescence", International Discussion Meeting and Workshop 2006: Laser-induced Incandescence, Quantitative interpretation, modelling, application (Bad Herrenalb, Germany, August 2-4, 2006), Laser-induced Incandescence, Quantitative interpretation, modelling, application, p. 22-22.
 
Smallwood, Gregory J.; Snelling, David R.; Gülder, Ömer L.; Clavel, Dan; Gareau, Daniel; Sawchuk, Robert A.; Graham, Lisa, "Transient particulate matter measurements from the exhaust of a direct injection spark ignition automobile", SAE International Fall Fuels & Lubricants Meeting & Exhibition, 2001, (http://doi.org/10.4271/2001-01-3581).