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Dynamic and equilibrium studies of the RDX removal from soil using CMC-coated zerovalent iron nanoparticles

 
 
Affiliation:
National Research Council Canada; NRC Biotechnology Research Institute
Language:
English
Type:
Article
Published in:
Environmental Pollution
Date:
2009
Pages :
2405-2412
NRCC #:
49960
NPArC #:
12429642
Keywords:
nanoiron; RDX-contaminated soil; dynamic study; flow-through short column
Abstract:
Rapid chemical degradation of toxic RDX explosive in soil can be accomplished using zerovalent nanoiron suspension stabilized in dilute carboxymethyl cellulose solution (CMC-ZVINs). The effect of operating conditions (redox-potential, Fe/RDX molar ratio) was studied on batchwise removal of RDX in contaminated soil. While anaerobic conditions resulted in 98% RDX removal in 3 h, only slightly over 60% RDX removal could be attained under aerobic conditions. The molar ratio did not have any influence on the intermediate and final RDX degradation products (methylenedinitramine, nitroso derivative, N₂, N₂O, NO₂−), however, their distribution changed. Dynamic studies were conducted using a flow-through short column packed with RDX-contaminated soil and fed with CMC-ZVINs. The column was operated at two interstitial velocities (2.2 and 1.6 cm min⁻¹), resulting in the 76.6% and 95% removal of the initial RDX soil contamination load (60 mg kg⁻¹), respectively. While the column operating conditions could be further optimized, 95% of the RDX initially present in the contaminated soil packed in the column was degraded when flushed with a CMC-ZVINs suspension in this work.
 
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