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The inﬂuence of pore size on osteoblast phenotype expression in cultures grown on porous titanium
; Teixeira, L. N.
; Crippa, G. E.
; Lefebvre, L.-P.
; De Oliveira, P. T.
; Rosa, A. L.
Beloti, M. M.
NRC Industrial Materials Institute
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
cell culture; osteoblast; dental implant; pore size; porous titanium
This study investigated the effect of pore size on osteoblastic phenotype development in cultures grown on porous titanium (Ti). Porous Ti discs with three different pore sizes, 312 μm (Ti 312), 130 μm (Ti 130) and 62 μm (Ti 62) were fabricated using a powder metallurgy process. Osteoblastic cells obtained from human alveolar bone were cultured on porous Ti samples for periods of up to 14 days. Cell proliferation was affected by pore size at day 3 (p = 0.0010), day 7 (p = 0.0005) and day 10 (p = 0.0090) in the following way: Ti 62 < Ti 130 < Ti 312. Gene expression of bone markers evaluated at 14 days was affected, RUNX2 (p = 0.0153), ALP (p = 0.0153), BSP (p = 0.0156), COL (p = 0.0156), and OPN (p = 0.0156) by pore size as follows: Ti 312 < Ti 130 < Ti 62. Based on these results, the authors suggest that porous Ti surfaces with pore sizes near 62 μm, compared with those of 312 μm and 130 μm, yield the highest expression of osteoblast phenotype as indicated by the lower cell proliferation rate and higher gene expression of bone markers.