HD 35502: a hierarchical triple system with a magnetic B5IVpe primary

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw1077
AuthorSearch for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for:
TypeArticle
Journal titleMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Pages18111828
Subjectstars: early-type; stars: individual: HD 35502; stars: magnetic field
AbstractWe present our analysis of HD 35502 based on high- and medium-resolution spectropolarimetric observations. Our results indicate that the magnetic B5IVsnp star is the primary component of a spectroscopic triple system and that it has an effective temperature of 18.4 ± 0.6 kK, a mass of 5.7 ± 0.6 M⊙, and a polar radius of 3.0 +1.1 −0.5 R ⊙ 3.0−0.5+1.1R⊙ . The two secondary components are found to be essentially identical A-type stars for which we derive effective temperatures (8.9 ± 0.3 kK), masses (2.1 ± 0.2 M⊙), and radii (2.1 ± 0.4 R⊙). We infer a hierarchical orbital configuration for the system in which the secondary components form a tight binary with an orbital period of 5.668 66(6) d that orbits the primary component with a period of over 40 yr. Least-Squares Deconvolution profiles reveal Zeeman signatures in Stokes V indicative of a longitudinal magnetic field produced by the B star ranging from approximately −4 to 0 kG with a median uncertainty of 0.4 kG. These measurements, along with the line variability produced by strong emission in Hα, are used to derive a rotational period of 0.853 807(3) d. We find that the measured v sin i = 75 ± 5 km s−1 of the B star then implies an inclination angle of the star's rotation axis to the line of sight of 24 +6 −10 ∘ 24−10+6∘ . Assuming the Oblique Rotator Model, we derive the magnetic field strength of the B star's dipolar component ( 14 +9 −3 kG 14−3+9kG ) and its obliquity ( 63±13deg 63±13deg ). Furthermore, we demonstrate that the calculated Alfvén radius ( 41 +17 −6 R ∗ 41−6+17R∗ ) and Kepler radius ( 2.1 +0.4 −0.7 R ∗ 2.1−0.7+0.4R∗ ) place HD 35502's central B star well within the regime of centrifugal magnetosphere-hosting stars.
Publication date
PublisherOxford Academic
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Herzberg Astronomy and Astrophysics; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23002097
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Record identifier32e1b0f4-33ad-4f45-ae9f-f4e2b4edd59f
Record created2017-08-14
Record modified2017-08-14
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