Col-OSSOS: colors of the interstellar planetesimal 1I/2017 U1 in context with the Solar System

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TypeArticle
Journal titleAstrophysics
Article numberarXiv:1711.06214
Pages# of pages: 9
AbstractThe recent discovery by Pan-STARRS1 of 1I/2017 U1 (`Oumuamua), on an unbound and hyperbolic orbit, offers a rare opportunity to explore the planetary formation processes of other stars, and the effect of the interstellar environment on a planetesimal surface. 1I/`Oumuamua's close encounter with the inner Solar System in 2017 October was a unique chance to make observations matching those used to characterize the small-body populations of our own Solar System. We present near-simultaneous g′, r′, and J photometry and colors of 1I/`Oumuamua from the 8.1-m Frederick C. Gillett Gemini North Telescope, and gri photometry from the 4.2 m William Herschel Telescope. Our g′r′J observations are directly comparable to those from the high-precision \textit{Colours of the Outer Solar System Origins Survey} (Col-OSSOS), and offer unique diagnostic information for distinguishing between outer Solar System surfaces. Substantial, correlated near-infrared and optical variability is present, with the same trend in both near-infrared and optical. Our observations confirm that 1I/`Oumuamua rotates with a double-peaked period of 8.10±0.42 hours and is a highly elongated body with an axial ratio of at least 5.3:1, implying that it has significant internal cohesion. 1I/`Oumuamua's color is at the neutral end of the range of observed g−r and r−J solar-reflectance colors, relative to asteroids, more distant minor planets, and to the trans-Neptunian populations measured by Col-OSSOS. The color of the first interstellar planetesimal is like the colors of the Solar System, in particular some of the dynamically excited objects of the Kuiper belt and the less-red Jupiter Trojans.
Publication date
PublisherCornell University Library
Linkhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1711.06214
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; Herzberg Astronomy and Astrophysics
Peer reviewedNo
NPARC number23002526
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Record identifier4ff7361c-d9a9-4662-a379-b605d277a32e
Record created2017-11-22
Record modified2017-11-22
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