Ultrasensitive speciation analysis of mercury in rice by headspace solid phase microextraction using porous carbons and gas chromatography-dielectric barrier discharge optical emission spectrometry

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b04328
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TypeArticle
Journal titleEnvironmental Science & Technology
ISSN0013-936X
1520-5851
Volume50
Issue5
Pages24682476
AbstractRice consumption is a primary pathway for human methylmercury (MeHg) exposure in inland mercury mining areas of Asia. In addition, the use of iodomethane, a common fumigant that significantly accelerates the methylation of mercury in soil under sunlight, could increase the MeHg exposure from rice. Conventional hyphenated techniques used for mercury speciation analysis are usually too costly for most developing countries. Consequently, there is an increased interest in the development of sensitive and inexpensive methods for the speciation of mercury in rice. In this work, gas chromatography (GC) coupled to dielectric barrier discharge optical emission spectrometry (DBD-OES) was developed for the speciation analysis of mercury in rice. Prior to GC-DBD-OES analysis, mercury species were derivatized to their volatile species with NaBPh4 and preconcentrated by headspace solid phase microextraction using porous carbons. Limits of detection of 0.5 μg kg⁻¹ (0.16 ng), 0.75 μg kg⁻¹ (0.24 ng), and 1.0 μg kg⁻¹ (0.34 ng) were obtained for Hg²⁺, CH₃Hg⁺, and CH₃CH₂Hg⁺, respectively, with relative standard deviations (RSDs) better than 5.2% and 6.8% for one fiber or fiber-to-fiber mode, respectively. Recoveries of 90–105% were obtained for the rice samples, demonstrating the applicability of the proposed technique. Owing to the small size, low power, and low gas consumption of DBD-OES as well as efficient extraction of mercury species by porous carbons headspace solid phase micro-extraction, the proposed technique provides several advantages including compactness, cost-effectiveness, and potential to couple with miniature GC to accomplish the field speciation of mercury in rice compared to conventional hyphenated techniques.
Publication date
PublisherACS Publications
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; Measurement Science and Standards
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23000137
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Record identifier575e0ea9-d408-45dd-b490-89c4eca1aac5
Record created2016-06-07
Record modified2016-06-07
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