Binarity in carbon-enhanced metal-poor stars

  1. Get@NRC: Binarity in carbon-enhanced metal-poor stars (Opens in a new window)
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Journal titleMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Article numberstu623
Pages12171229; # of pages: 13
SubjectkeywordA; stars: abundance; stars: AGB and post-AGB; stars: chemically peculiar; Galaxy: halo; alaxies: formation
AbstractA substantial fraction of the lowest metallicity stars show very high enhancements in carbon. It is debated whether these enhancements reflect the stars' birth composition, or if their atmospheres were subsequently polluted, most likely by accretion from an asymptotic giant branch binary companion. Here we investigate and compare the binary properties of three carbon-enhanced subclasses: The metal-poor CEMP-s stars that are additionally enhanced in barium; the higher metallicity (sg)CH-and Ba II stars also enhanced in barium; and the metal-poor CEMP-no stars, not enhanced in barium. Through comparison with simulations, we demonstrate that all barium-enhanced populations are best represented by a ̃100 per cent binary fraction with a shorter period distribution of at maximum ̃20 000 d. This result greatly strengthens the hypothesis that a similar binary mass transfer origin is responsible for their chemical patterns. For the CEMP-no group we present new radial velocity data from the Hobby-Eberly Telescope for 15 stars to supplement the scarce literature data. Two of these stars show indisputable signatures of binarity. The complete CEMP-no data set is clearly inconsistent with the binary properties of the CEMP-s class, thereby strongly indicating a different physical origin of their carbon enhancements. The CEMP-no binary fraction is still poorly constrained, but the population resembles more the binary properties in the solar neighbourhood.
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AffiliationNational Science Infrastructure; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21274102
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Record identifier62dfc41f-99e9-45b3-b766-82c7e93741c1
Record created2015-02-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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