Variants of the beta 1,3-galactosyltransferase CgtB from the bacterium Campylobacter jejuni have distinct acceptor specificities

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TypeArticle
Journal titleGlycobiology
Volume17
Issue12
Pages13331343; # of pages: 11
SubjectACID; analysis; Bacteria; bacterial; biosynthesis; Campylobacter; Campylobacter jejuni; Canada; CLUSTER; core oligosaccharide; ENZYME; Escherichia; Escherichia coli; ESCHERICHIA-COLI; flexibility; GANGLIOSIDE; GENE; glycopeptide; Glycosylation; Glycosyltransferases; Human; In Vitro; lipooligosaccharide; oligosaccharide; ORGANIZATION; peptide; POTENTIAL; protein; Proteins; SIALIC; SIALIC-ACID; SITE; SPECIFICITY; structure; Synthesis
AbstractThe gene clusters encoding the lipooligosaccharide biosynthesis glycosyltransferases from Campylobacter jejuni have previously been divided in eight classes based on their genetic organization. Here, three variants of the beta1,3-galactosyltransferase CgtB from two classes were purified as fusions with the maltose-binding protein (MalE) from Escherichia coli and their acceptor preference was determined. The acceptor preference of each CgtB variant was directly related to the presence or absence of sialic acid in the acceptor, which correlated with the core oligosaccharide structure in vivo. The three variants were evaluated for their ability to use a derivitized monosaccharide, a GM2 ganglioside mimic, a GA2 ganglioside mimic as well as a peptide containing alpha-linked GalNAc. This characterization shows the flexibility of these galactosyltransferases for diverse acceptors. The CgtB variants were engineered via carboxy-terminal deletions and inversion of the gene fusion order. The combination of a 20 to 30 aa deletion in CgtB followed by MalE at its carboxy terminus significantly improved the glycosyltransferase activity (up to a 51.8-fold increase of activity compared to the full length enzyme) in all cases regardless of the acceptor tested. The improved enzyme CgtB(OH4384)DeltaC-MalE was used to galactosylate a glyco-peptide acceptor based on the interferon alpha2b protein O-linked glycosylation site as confirmed by the CE-MS analysis of the reaction products. This improved enzyme was also used successfully to galactosylate the human therapeutic protein IFNalpha2b[GalNAcalpha]. This constitutes the first report of the in vitro synthesis of the O-linked T-antigen glycan on a human protein by a bacterial glycosyltransferase and illustrates the potential of bacterial glycosyltransferases as tools for in vitro glycosylation of human proteins of therapeutic value
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Biological Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC numberBERNATCHEZ2007
NPARC number9379880
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Record identifier85f95497-3b3e-47f2-a354-4f15d87719bc
Record created2009-07-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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